96年司法特考四等第1次監所管理員考題
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類  科: 監所管理員
科  目: 法學知識與英文(包括中華民國憲法、法學緒論、英文)
年  度: 96
全卷點數: 0 點  下載考題(免費)
點閱次數: 3947
銷售明細: 76
1 依憲法本文規定,人民遭受任何機關非法逮捕拘禁時,其本人或他人得向何機關聲請追究,而該機關不得拒絕之?
(A)監察院
(B)立法院
(C)法院
(D)總統
2 對人民「營業自由」之不當限制,依司法院大法官之解釋,除侵害被限制人之「工作權」外,亦侵害其:
(A)請願權
(B)人身自由
(C)財產權
(D)居住自由
3 依司法院大法官解釋,下列何種規定並未牴觸憲法第 8 條?
(A)法院得裁定管收行政執行之義務人
(B)警察得科處違警者拘留
(C)檢察官得開押票羈押犯罪嫌疑人
(D)行政機關得命安置兒童及青少年
4 依憲法增修條文規定,縣長如何產生?
(A)由行政院院長提請總統任命
(B)由縣民選舉
(C)由縣議會選舉
(D)由法律自行決定依選舉或依總統任命
5 依憲法第 24 條規定,公務員違法侵害人民之自由或權利,人民得依下列何種規定,向國家請求賠償?
(A)憲法
(B)法律
(C)命令
(D)判例
6 依我國現行憲政體制,下列總統發布的命令中,何者須經行政院院長之副署?
(A)公布司法院組織法
(B)行政院院長之任命
(C)考試院院長之任命
(D)宣告解散立法院
7 依憲法第 140 條之規定,現役軍人不得:
(A)競選公職
(B)兼任文官
(C)出國深造
(D)參與政黨
8 依據司法院大法官釋字第 499 號,下列何者得經修憲程序予以變更?
(A)民主共和國原則
(B)國民主權原則
(C)總統之任期
(D)權力分立原則
9 依司法院大法官釋字第 401 號解釋,下列有關「立法委員之言論免責權」之敘述,何者正確?
(A)立法委員因行使職權之言論及表決侵害他人名譽權,而須負民事賠償責任
(B)立法委員因行使職權之言論及表決涉嫌誹謗,而應受刑事追訴
(C)立法委員因行使職權之言論及表決違反立法院自律規範,仍須受立法院懲戒
(D)立法委員不會因行使職權之言論及表決,而遭選民罷免
10 依憲法增修條文規定,覆議程序之進行,與下列何機關毫無關聯?
(A)總統
(B)行政院
(C)立法院
(D)司法院
11 副總統缺位時,依憲法增修條文之規定,應如何產生新的副總統?
(A)總統提名候選人,由立法院補選
(B)總統提名候選人,由人民直接補選
(C)行政院院長代行其職權
(D)總統提名候選人,由監察院補選
12 下列何者的任期依憲法增修條文之規定僅得連任一次?
(A)監察委員
(B)副總統
(C)民國 92 年起司法院大法官
(D)考試委員
13 現代民主國家的政黨有一定的特質,下列敘述何者錯誤?
(A)民間團體若有固定的政治主張,就是現代政黨
(B)政黨應積極參與選舉、爭取公職
(C)政黨持續存在,不因選舉才組成、不因選後即解散
(D)政黨是以取得政權為目標的政治團體
14 地方議會調閱銀行客戶與銀行之往來資料係侵犯該客戶之何種權利?
(A)姓名權
(B)隱私權
(C)工作權
(D)生存權
15 大學自治屬於憲法何種基本權利保障的內涵?
(A)結社自由
(B)出版自由
(C)講學自由
(D)受國民教育的權利
16 條約經立法院讀會程序通過,並經總統公布者,在理論上,其位階與效力如何?
(A)與法規命令同
(B)與法律同
(C)與憲法同
(D)與行政規則同
17 依中華民國領海及鄰接區法,中華民國領海為自基線起至其外側若干浬間之海域?
(A)三浬
(B)六浬
(C)九浬
(D)十二浬
18 一項法律對於其未施行前所發生的具體案件,原則上不可加以適用,此原則稱為:
(A)法律溯及既往原則
(B)法律不溯及既往原則
(C)從新從優原則
(D)一體適用原則
19 下列何項資訊得不予以公開?
(A)政府機關有關認定事實之規定
(B)預算書
(C)政府之施政計畫
(D)公務員考績紀錄
20 對於刑事被告羈押涉及憲法第 8 條人身自由權,下列何者有權核准之?
(A)法官與檢察官
(B)檢察官與警察
(C)檢察官、警察與調查局人員
(D)僅限於法官
21 依司法院大法官解釋,有關警察臨檢與人身自由之關係,下列何者正確?
(A)警察勤務條例係純屬組織法的規定,不得作為警察臨檢之依據
(B)警察臨檢對人實施,須以有相當理由足認其行為已構成或即將發生危害者為限
(C)臨檢實施之手段完全由警察裁量為之,以使警察發揮人民褓母之職責
(D)警察勤務條例有關臨檢之規定,已授權警察人員得任意臨檢、盤查,以確保治安
22 侵害人民基本權利事項,須有法律明文規定。此為何種原則之具體要求?
(A)比例原則
(B)衡平原則
(C)法律保留原則
(D)無罪推定原則
23 下列那一項制度設計係屬總統制的重要特徵?
(A)倒閣制度
(B)國會議員兼任閣員
(C)覆議制度
(D)副署制度
24 何人首先提倡三權分立?
(A)霍布斯(Hobbes)
(B)盧梭(Rousseau)
(C)斯賓塞(Spencer)
(D)孟德斯鳩(Montesquieu)
25 民主須以法治為基礎,民主而不講法治,會產生下列何種政治?
(A)菁英政治
(B)極權政治
(C)專制政治
(D)暴民政治
26 若法律規定:「四足動物」傷人者,畜主須負損害賠償責任。現有「二足動物」之鴕鳥傷人,若要根據前述規定,請求鴕鳥之畜主負損害賠償責任,應根據下列何種推論方式?
(A)文義解釋
(B)體系解釋
(C)類推適用
(D)歷史解釋
27 刑法第 6 條規定:「本法於中華民國公務員在中華民國領域外犯左列各罪者,適用之。」此一規定主要係下列何種原則的應用?
(A)屬國原則
(B)屬地原則
(C)屬人原則
(D)屬法原則
28 國際私法乃屬於:
(A)國際法
(B)國內法
(C)習慣國際法
(D)約定國際法
29 下列何種關係,可以用來說明刑法與民法的差別?
(A)普通法與特別法
(B)公法與私法
(C)程序法與實體法
(D)成文法與不成文法
30 司法院大法官為維護憲政秩序,在闡明憲法真義上所作出的憲法解釋,具有何種效力?
(A)效力僅及於司法機關,不包括立法與行政機關
(B)效力及於全國各機關,但不及於人民
(C)具有拘束全國各機關及人民之效力
(D)不具任何效力,僅供全國各機關及人民參考用
31 When asked if he really wanted to marry Lucy, Peter nodded his head without ___.
(A)participation
(B)hesitation
(C)suggestion
(D)contraction
32 In order to accomplish the job independently, Sarah ___ her brother’s offer of help.
(A)accepted
(B)handled
(C)foretold
(D)refused
33 The patient ___ all night. I could clearly hear the long low sounds he made. He must have been under great pain.
(A)shrieked
(B)murmured
(C)moaned
(D)stuttered
34 Don’t ___ yourself to destiny; everyone has the right to struggle for a better tomorrow.
(A)abandon
(B)compile
(C)prescribe
(D)ridicule
35 A huge hurricane struck the island and caused great ___ .
(A)harvest
(B)damage
(C)structure
(D)progress
36 Hopes of a peaceful ___ to the conflict between the two parties have faded. The likelihood of reaching a satisfactory settlement of the dispute is very bleak.
(A)tolerance
(B)resolution
(C)monument
(D)estimate
37 ___ some money to buy a new computer, Sue cashed a check.
(A)Needing
(B)Needed
(C)Need
(D)To need
38 With good language skills, Helen is always very ___ in class discussion.
(A)alternate
(B)articulate
(C)artificial
(D)artistic
39 A: If I had more time, I’d travel.
B: ___
A: If I had enough money, I’d go to Africa.
(A)Where would you go?
(B)Why do you travel?
(C)What if you can’t?
(D)What’s up?
40 ___ for your help, the boy might have drowned.
(A)Has it not been
(B)Had it not been
(C)Were it not
(D)Was it not
41 Sue: Do you know anyone who’s had plastic surgery?
Jean: Why? ___
Sue: With my puffy eyes and dark eye-bags, you bet I am.
Jean: My sister had one the other day. You can ask her.
(A)What a coincidence it is!
(B)Are you ready for a facelift, too?
(C)Plastic surgery is sometimes dangerous.
(D)Will you be a specialist in plastic surgery?
42 A: Hello. Could I speak to Mary Chang, please?
B: Sorry, she’s out.
A: ___
(A)Could I leave a message, please?
(B)Could I take a message, please?
(C)Could you give her a call, please?
(D)Could I give her a call, please?
Around forty years ago, there was a cartoon show on television called The Jetsons. The Jetsons were a family of the future. George Jetson went to work in a rocket, and his wife Jane shopped for groceries on television. The Jetsons had a housekeeper named Rosie. Rosie washed dishes and cleaned the floor, but she wasn’t an ordinary housekeeper. Rosie was a robot. At that time, some viewers thought the cartoon might predict the real future. In some ways it did. For example, some people shop on line now. But we don’t have robots as housekeepers. At least, not yet.
Robots do various jobs today. They are often used in manufacturing. They paint and assemble cars and put together electronic devices. Also, robots are used for jobs that are difficult or dangerous for humans. For instance, they were used to explore the planet Mars, to investigate the inside of the great pyramids in Egypt, and to search the wreckage of earthquakes.
There ARE robots that can do housework. Several vacuum cleaning robots are available. However, not many people buy these products. Why not? The main reason is cost. These robots are expensive. Another reason is that robot cleaners don’t always do a good job. A third reason is power. Most of these robots use batteries for power, and the batteries do not last long without recharging.
43 What was Rosie the Robot’s job on the cartoon show The Jetsons?
(A)To fly rocket cars.
(B)To build other robots.
(C)To buy things on line.
(D)To clean the house.
44 What did The Jetsons accurately predict about the way of life in the future?
(A)The way some people go to work.
(B)The way some people do their shopping.
(C)The way some people paint their houses.
(D)The way some people prepare their meals.
45 Which of the following is NOT mentioned as one of the jobs of robots?
(A)To assemble automobiles.
(B)To work in dangerous places.
(C)To cook delicious meals.
(D)To explore the outer space.
46 What is the most important reason that people do NOT buy household robots today?
(A)They are still not very safe.
(B)They are too difficult to use.
(C)Their power can’t last long.
(D)They cost a lot of money.
The United Nations Children’s Fund, UNICEF, says 115 million children worldwide are still missing out on an education, most of them girls. 2005 is the year set by the UN to achieve gender equality in primary education.
UNICEF says many countries in South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East cannot meet the target of gender equality in 2005. UNICEF is especially concerned about the situation in west and central Africa. Only five countries out of 24 are set to achieve gender equality there. In South Asia, UNICEF says, progress has been made but not enough. Forty-two million children across the region don’t go to school. Afghanistan and Pakistan have the widest gender gaps. For Pakistan to have the same number of girls as boys in school by 2015, it would have to increase girls’ school attendance by over three percent each year. And in eastern and central Europe there is cause for concern, too. The introduction of fees for tuition, schoolbooks and uniforms has led to rising dropout rates—and girls drop out sooner than boys. UNICEF insists the effort must be made. The UN’s primary goal is to get rid of poverty, and education is fundamental to achieving that.
47 According to this article, “gender equality in primary education” refers to ___ .
(A)the types of primary education both boys and girls should receive
(B)the quality and quantity of primary education for girls to receive
(C)the differences between girls and boys in receiving primary education
(D)the equal rights for boys and girls to receive primary education
48 According to this article, how many children in South Asia do not attend school?
(A)115 million.
(B)5 out of 24.
(C)42 million.
(D)Over 3 percent.
49 In eastern and central Europe, what may be the main reason for children to leave school?
(A)Children have to work to earn their own living.
(B)Children cannot afford educational fees and other expenses.
(C)The increase of girls’ school attendance makes boys leave school.
(D)UNICEF does not offer aids to the children in this region.
50 What does the word “target” in the second paragraph mean?
(A)The object for shooting
(B)The goal to achieve
(C)The idea to attack
(D)The example to set

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