100 年度私立天主教輔仁大學法律學系研究所碩士班考題
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班\組別: 基礎法學組
科  目: 法理學
年  度: 100
全卷點數: 0 點  下載考題(免費)
點閱次數: 1676
銷售明細: 10
一、法理學研究的核心議題是「法律是什麼」(what is law) 這個問題,也就是討論「法律的本質」(the nature of law) 是什麼的問題。依此,請針對下列兩個問題申論之。
1、請舉三種探討「法律是什麼」的法理學理論(可以是某位法理學者的學說), 並針對各該理論的學說內涵詳加論述。(30 分)
2、上開三種法理學理論,您認為哪一種理論最能適當說明(explain) 或證立(justifiy) 法律的本質,試論證之。(20 分)
二、
1.Please explain the following terms(30 分)
i. Utilitarianism
ii. Legal Realism
iii.Intergenerational Justice
2."There are therefore two minimum conditions necessary and sufficient for the existence of a legal system. On the one hand, those rules of behavior which are valid according to the system's ultimate criteria of validity must be generally obeyed and, on the other hand, its rules of recognition specifying the criteria of legal validity and its rules of change and adjudication must be effectively accepted as common public standards of official behavior by its officials." (H.L.A. Hart).
Please Discuss and give an example. (20 分)

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