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論著名稱: 固有倫常與舶來法律-「殺尊親屬罪」的歷史、觀念及其歸趨
編著譯者: 黃源盛
出版日期: 2010.04
資料來源: 台灣 華中科技大學近代法研究中心「中國刑法典一百週年」國際學術研討會
頁  數: 44 點閱次數: 1055
下載點數: 176 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 黃源盛
關 鍵 詞: 殺尊親屬罪弒親倫常條款禮與法孝道法律與道德
中文摘要: 傳統中國刑律,禮與刑的關係始終糾葛難分。自晚清變法修律以來,為了撤廢領事裁判權,在外力與內壓之下,不得不脫離中華法系,而導入近代歐西新的法學理念,來修訂中國的固有法律,從此,個人主義、自由主義的立法思潮引進了古老中國的本土,固有的身分倫理法制隨之動搖。或許要問,在近代自由主義、個人主義思潮下的刑事立法,究竟要如何對待倫理道德與法律規範之間的關係?要合?要分?合多分少?分多合少?要言之,倫理道德要不要法律化?倫理道德宜不宜法律化?
目前,我國刑法中仍存有多處所謂的「倫常條款」,凡此富於倫常道德意涵的規範,何以會在舊律中陳陳相因,歷千年以上而凝滯不變?又為何會溫存於當今刑法之中?與現代刑事法學的思潮有無牴牾之處?終將何去何從?
本文擬先自法史學的角度,針對刑法上的倫常條款,特別聚焦在眾所矚目的「殺直系血親尊親屬罪」這個犯罪類型上,從事歷史沿革的考察,以明其衍化軌跡;再從當今刑法思想的變動,剖析其理論基礎的變與不變;另從日、德等外國立法例觀察其存廢經緯,以窺其未來的走向。
英文關鍵詞: Murder of AncestryEthical RulesMercy and LawFilial PietyLaws and Ethics
英文摘要: The mercy and the punishment exited in the traditional Chinese criminal laws had been always closely intertwined. Following the interior and external pressure from the society with a purpose to abolish the consular jurisdiction, it was impossible to maintain the Chinese law systems and the traditional Chinese laws had been altered by the new legal thinking of the Western countries, which was introduced since the period of the legislation reforms of the late Ch’ing Dynasty. Therefore, the new legislation thinking of the individualism and the liberalism had been injected to the ancient Chinese society and the original legal system of the ethics was shaken. It is worthy of asking how the new criminal legal thinking of the individualism and the liberalism will cope with the relationship between the ethics and the legislation. Should we combine them and to what extent? Should we separate them and to what extent? In other words, should we legislate the ethics? Is it proper to have ethics legislated?
At present, many so-called rules based on ethics exist in the criminal laws of our country. It is worthy of asking why such laws enriched with ethics has been repeated and remained unchanged for more than a thousand of years? Why does it still exist in the modern criminal laws? Does it conflict with the legal thinking of the modern criminal laws? What should their roles be in the future?
This Article intends to concentrate on the type of crime of “murder of relatives in one’s direct line of ancestry” in the ethical rules, which attracts the public attention, from the respect of legal history and conduct the examination of the historical developments to better understand how the legal treatment of the ethics changed overtime. In addition, this Article digs out the changes and the lack of changes in the theory bases by analyzing the alternation of the legal thinking of the modern criminal laws. Further, this Article will observe the standard to maintain or abolish it and forecast the future by analyzing the legislation of Japan, Germany and other foreign countries.
目  次: 一、序說-由兩則案例談起
二、傳統中國殺尊親屬罪的立法例與法理根據
(一)唐之前的梟獍之行
(二)唐律中的惡逆之條
(三)明清律中的綱常之變
三、晚清民初變法修律中倫常條款的生與死
(一)清末禮法爭議下尊卑相犯條的存廢之爭
(二)民國初期殺尊親屬罪的修法經緯
四、從比較法史觀點看殺尊親屬罪的歸趨
(一)外國相關立法例的動向
(二)日本脫亞入歐前後殺尊親屬罪的存廢爭議
五、西法東漸中倫常觀念的困惑、更新與再詮釋
(一)傳統中國親親之義的家族倫理性禮法
(二)近代西方自由主義思潮中的個人主體性立法
(三)刑法法益保護思想與孝道觀念的轉向
六、結論-殺直系血親尊親屬罪何去何從?
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