法學論著
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論著名稱:
政府採購案廠商投標文件公開發表權及資訊公開之衝突與均衡(The Conflict and Balance between the right of disclose and open data for the Tenderers' Documents in Government Procurement)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 章忠信
出版日期: 2015.11.20
資料來源: 台灣 2015 年第十九屆全國科技法律研討會
頁  數: 25 點閱次數: 1705
下載點數: 100 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 章忠信
關 鍵 詞: 開放資料政府採購著作權公開發表權政府資訊
中文摘要: 「開放資料(Open Data)」係政府當前重要政策,政府採購係以人民之納稅,使用於與民生公益有關之商品或服務之交易,其相關資訊屬於政府資訊,依據政府資訊公開法,以主動對公眾公開為原則,以法律限制公開為例外。然而,政府採購案中之廠商投標文件,有諸多屬於著作權法所保護之著作,投標廠商得否以著作權法之公開發表權,要求招標機關不予公開?招標機關得否依據政府採購法規定,以其涉及廠商之公開發表權為理由,拒絕民眾公開之要求?本文從著作權法之公開發表權為起點,從實務運作之角度,討論政府採購法、政府資訊公開法及行政程序法之適用,認為廠商投標文件於政府採購過程中,已處於公開發表之狀態,無再主張公開發表權之餘地,故該等資料是否公開,與著作權法公開發表權無關,純係投標文件是否保密不對外提供之政策考量。亦即,廠商之投標文件之公開發表、保密、提供及授權,係不同議題,不宜混為一談,面對行政院力推政府開放資料之政策下,政府採購法主管機關應有專業判斷,衡量利弊得失,勇於對外說明,獲致社會共識之支持,而非等待著作權專責機關透過法令解釋,扭曲著作權法基本適用通則,達到不公開之目的。
英文關鍵詞: open datagovernment procurementcopyrightright of disclosuregovernment information
英文摘要: “Open data” is an important policy of government these years. Based on the budget derived from the taxes paid by the public, government procurement deals with sanction of products and service related to the public interest. According to the Freedom of Government Information Law, all the information of government procurement is subject to the Law and, excepts otherwise stipulated in laws, should be disclosed automatically to the public. However, there are many documents submit by tenderers can be copyrightable. Can tenderers clam their right of disclose in the copyright law and prohibit government agency disclosing those documents? Can government agency, according to the regulations of the Freedom of Government Information Law, refuses to open these data to the public based on tenderers’ right of disclose? This Article discusses the right of disclose in the copyright law, the practice of the Freedom of Government Information Law, the Government Procurement Law and Administrative Procedure Law. It concludes that all the documents submit by tenderers have been disclosed during the review procedure of government procurement. Government agency has an independent position to decide whether to open these data to the public. It is nothing to do with the tenderers’ right of disclose in the copyright law. The Competent Authority of the Government Procurement Law should have their own policy to discuss with Administrative Yuan concerning the interest conflict between the data protection and data open.
目  次: 1. 前言
2. 議題之起源及背景
3. 相關規定及其適用
3.1 著作權法之規定及其適用
3.2 政府採購法之規定及其適用
3.3 政府資訊公開法及其適用
3.4 行政程序法及其適用
4. 爭議案件之觀察與分析
5. 本文意見
6. 結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
章忠信,政府採購案廠商投標文件公開發表權及資訊公開之衝突與均衡,2015 年第十九屆全國科技法律研討會,2015年11月20日。
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