法學論著
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論著名稱:
論地籍資料公開收取規費之中央地方權限歸屬
文獻引用
編著譯者: 辛年豐
出版日期: 2020.07
集叢名稱: 台灣 憲法解釋之理論與實務 第 10 輯
頁  數: 31 點閱次數: 416
下載點數: 124 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 辛年豐
關 鍵 詞: 地方自治地方分權委辦事項地籍資料開放資料規費
中文摘要: 地籍資料是落實私人不動產所有權的重要資訊,也是人民進行不動產交易所不可或缺者。國家提供資訊給人民隨著科技的發展,從書面謄本到電子傳輸而有不同的型貌,行政機關也設定不同的法源及收取費用的運作方式。在採取地方自治的國家中,地籍資料交付民眾並收取規費究竟為中央或地方權限?又是何等法律關係?本文比較日本學說及案例建構事務分權的判斷模式,認為書面地籍謄本或電子傳輸提供人民資訊只是傳遞方式的不同,在土地法上應等同看待,法律關係與規費收取的法律關係也不應切割認定,應為具全國一致性的中央權限,並在具體執行上交給地方政府運作的委辦事項。此外,本文嘗試綜合憲法、土地法、地方制度法及規費法等規範做出適當的法律解釋。
英文關鍵詞: local self-governmentdecentralizationself-government matterscommissionedmatterscadastral informationdata transmissionfees
英文摘要: Cadastral Information is the information necessary for states to regulate land and protect people's property. Also, when people need to transfer their properties, they rely on these data. States have several methods to transfer data from the public domain to private domain, and there are emerging technological developments. From the view of legal practice, different transmission media have different sources of law, and the fees are collected differently. In nations which adapt local self-government, is the transfer of cadastral data to people a central or local power? What kinds of legal relationship exist when the central government and local government are both involved in this matter at the same time? This article compares theories and cases of Japan, and tries to build a model which can judge whether the matters belong to the central government or local government. This article argues that the written cadastral transcript and electronic cadastral transcript are the same thing in the Land Act. Only the transmission media are different. We should not have different conclusions about the legal relationship between information transmission and fee collection between these two ways. This article finds that the matters about information transmission are the central government's power, because they are matters of administrative regulation. These affairs need to be treated uniformly across the country. Local governments process these matters as commissioned matters. This article will suggest an interpretation by 【憲法解釋之理論與實務第10輯,2020年7月,第531頁。】 considering Constitutional Law, the Land Act, Local Government Act and Charges and Fees Act.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、從多數國家到單一國家的制度抉擇
  一、政治權力分與合的多元選項
  二、制度抉擇與歷史經驗的不可分性
  三、臺灣憲法的制度抉擇
參、地方自治體制的權限劃分
  一、地方自治體制的多面向發展
  二、中央地方權限劃分理論的推進
  三、中央與地方權限劃分的基準
  四、從對立到合作
肆、地籍資料公開徵收規費的權限歸屬
  一、地籍資料流通收取費用的法律結構
  二、整體法律結構的解釋
  三、法律的妥適解釋
伍、結語
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
辛年豐,論地籍資料公開收取規費之中央地方權限歸屬,憲法解釋之理論與實務 第 10 輯,2020年07月。
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