法學期刊
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論著名稱:
P2P 網站經營者與其會員成立共同正犯之可能性-ezPeer 與 Kuro 案之分析與檢討(Should P2P Website Operator Be Responsible for the Crime of P2P Downloader under Joint Criminal Enterprise Liability Doctrine?—A Comment on ezPeer and Kuro)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 蔡蕙芳
出版日期: 2006.04
刊登出處: 台灣/科技法學評論第 3 卷 第 1 期/45-74 頁
頁  數: 19 點閱次數: 1428
下載點數: 76 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 蔡蕙芳
關 鍵 詞: 點對點服務點對點網站經營者共同實行共同實行犯罪者共同正犯責任擅自重製
中文摘要: 近來最重要的著作權法判決就是 Kuro 案。在此判決中,P2P 網站經營者與檔案下載會員被論以擅自重製罪之共同正犯。Kuro 判決的重要性不僅在於它討論了檔案下載者的責任,也因為此項判決與較早前宣判的 ezPeer 判決在 P2P 網站經營者責任上之意見有所不同。毫無疑問,法院間的不同意見必然會引起爭論。本文主要研究的問題是 P2P 網站經營者是否應被論以擅自重製罪的共同正犯。為了研究上便利,暫時假定下載會員成立擅自重製罪。
本文首先討論刑法第 28 條之「共同實行」犯罪之行為的意義,試圖提供共同正犯責任的基本認識以作為之後即將進行案例討論的基礎。除了傳統以來的犯意聯絡與行為分擔要件,本文進一步補充了自己共同犯罪意思、相互利用意思、犯罪構成要件行為實行上的重要性。接下來分別檢討此二案中關於網站經營者與其會員成立共同正犯的意見。本文特別指出 Kuro 法院並無法證明 Kuro 網站經營者與下載會員間有犯意聯絡。針對本文所要研究問題,本文所做的結論是,P2P 網站經營者僅認識到會員可能進行擅自重製,還不足以成立共同正犯任。
英文摘要: Recently, the most important criminal copyright case is Kuro, in which the Kuro operators and a downloader were found guilty as co-perpetrators in the commission of the unauthorized reproduction offense. The Kuro court,s decision is important not only because it discusses the issue of the liability of peer-to-peer (P2P) downloader but because it is different from the ezPeer decision concerning the liability of P2P website operators. Unquestionably, the split between the ezPeer and Kuro cases has generated many debates. The focus of inquiry in the article is whether P2P website operators shall be punished as a co-perpetrator in a joint criminal enterprise directed to commit the unauthorized reproduction offense. For purposes of simplicity and clarity it is assumed here that a P2P downloader commits the unauthorized reproduction offense.
This article begins with a discussion of the meaning of “Co-perpetration” within Article 28 of the Taiwan Penal Code, providing an understanding of joint criminal enterprise liability as a background for the following case discussions. In addition to the two requirements, including agreement to reach a common goal by coordinated co-operation and joint control over the criminal conduct, this article further proposes the following requirements for criminal enterprise liability:(1) the intent to commit with the other perpetrators;(2) the intent to make use of the other perpetrators’ commission of an offense;(3) material contribution to the execution of criminal conduct.
Next, this article reviews the opinions of the ezPeer and Kuro cases in determining the criminal joint liability of P2P website operators. It then argues that the Kuro court fails to prove, beyond a reasonable doubt, an agreement between the Kuro operators and a downloader. It concludes that the mere fact that the P2P operators provide P2P services with knowledge of unauthorized reproduction no longer will suffice to generate criminal enterprise liability.
目  次: 1. 前言
2. 共同正犯之基本概念
3. 共同正犯概念的進一步討論
4. P2P 網站經營者共同正犯責任之探討
5. 結論
P2P services
P2P website operator
co-perpetration
co- perpetrator
joint criminal enterprise liability
unauthorized reproduction
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
蔡蕙芳,P2P 網站經營者與其會員成立共同正犯之可能性-ezPeer 與 Kuro 案之分析與檢討,科技法學評論,第 3 卷 第 1 期,45-74 頁,2006年04月。
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