法學期刊
  • 社群分享
論著名稱:
訴訟途徑錯誤的處置-民事法院與行政法院之間訴訟案件的移送制度 ( Handling Cases at Inappropriate Courts by Wrong Course of Law)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 陳啟垂
出版日期: 2008.05
刊登出處: 台灣/興大法學第 3 期/1-32 頁
頁  數: 26 點閱次數: 1508
下載點數: 104 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 陳啟垂
關 鍵 詞: 訴訟途徑司法權審判權民事法院行政法院移送
中文摘要: 我國普通法院分設民事庭負責民事訴訟事件的審判,及刑事庭負責刑事訴訟事件的審判;另外,行政法院負責行政訴訟事件的審判。此依法將審判權劃歸不同支系的法院行使,以提供權利保護的的程序,稱為訴訟途徑。原告為請求權利保護而起訴,必須依其事件的性質,循正確的訴訟途徑向各該管轄法院提起;若是循錯誤的訴訟途徑,則該訴訟即因受訴法院無管轄權而不合法。
對於原告雖循正確訴訟途徑,但卻向無管轄權的法院起訴,不管民事訴訟法或行政訴訟法均設有移送管轄法院的規定;對於原告循錯誤訴訟途徑而向無管轄權的法院起訴,民事訴訟法或修正前行政訴訟法卻欠缺相對應之類似的移送規定,反而不合理地規定應以裁定駁回起訴。
在同支系法院間設有管轄錯誤的移送規定,在不同支系法院間,亦應設有管轄錯誤的移送規定,否則當事件性質不明確或各支系法院各持己見時,將造成人民無法尋求有效的權利保護,實有違憲法保障訴訟權的精神。行政訴訟法第十二條之二的增訂,是在不同支系法院間設計合理的移送制度上踏出第一步,也更符合憲法保障訴訟權的精神。
英文關鍵詞: Rechtsweg(Course of Law)Jurisdiction to AdjudicateJu-risdictionCivil courtAdministrative CourtTransfer
英文摘要: There are ordinary courts in which are set up into two divisions: the civil division is responsible for the trial of civil actions and the criminal division for the trial of the criminal suit. In addition there is administrative court for the administrative litigation. This incorporates jurisdiction into the court of different offsprings to exercise in accordance with the law, the procedure of the ones that protect in order to offer the right, is called the course of law.
When a plaintiff brings an action to the court, the plaintiff he must follow the correct course of law according to the character of his lawsuit. Both the Civil Procedure Code and the Administrative Procedure Code stipulate that the court which receives a no judgeable case should transfer the action to court which is suitable. But, if plaintiff brings an action no following the course of law, as a result, his lawsuit is illegal and the court is not able to judge. Once the plaintiff brings an action following the correct course of law to the court without jurisdiction, the Civil Procedure Code or the Administrative Procedure Code enact the reasonable stipulations of lawsuit transference. But if the plaintiff brings an action no following the course of law to the court, either the Civil Procedure Code or the Administrative Procedure Code is lack of the corresponding similar regula-tion of lawsuit transference.
There ar the stipulations of lawsuit transference among the courts in same branch. There should be a similar regulation of lawsuit transference among the courts in different branches. Otherwise, when the character of action is indeterminate, or when courts in different branches stick to one,s own view, will cause the people to be unable to seek the effective protection of right. The lack of regulation to allow lawsuit transference between different court branches violates the spirit of constitution to ensure the Taiwan's citizen to the right of litigation.
目  次: 壹、序言
貳、審判權及其劃分
一、審判權
二、法院支系與訴訟途徑
(一)?說
(二)憲法上的審判權劃分
三、將審判權劃歸不同法院支系行使的優點與缺點
(一)優點
(二)缺點
參、訴訟途徑錯誤的處置
一、同一法院支系內的管轄錯誤
二、不同法院支系間的管轄錯誤(訴訟途徑錯誤)
(一)民事訴訟法的規定
(二)行政訴訟法的規定
(三)二??二年司法院「法院組織法修正草案」的設計
三、德國關於訴訟途徑錯誤的處置規定
(一)德國法院組織法的相關規定
(二)立法目的
(三)分析
四、制度缺失的檢討與改進
(一)現行制度的缺失
(二)必要及合理的處置規定
肆、代結語
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
陳啟垂,訴訟途徑錯誤的處置-民事法院與行政法院之間訴訟案件的移送制度,興大法學,第 3 期,1-32 頁,2008年05月。
返回功能列