法學期刊
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論著名稱: 從選舉平等原則檢視單一選區兩票制(Review of Single-Constituency-Two-Votes System Based on the Principle of Equal Protection in Election)
編著譯者: 張志偉
出版日期: 2009.12
刊登出處: 台灣/法學新論第 17 期 /75-104 頁
頁  數: 28 點閱次數: 1182
下載點數: 112 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 張志偉
關 鍵 詞: 單一選區兩票制選區劃分比例選舉制門檻條款選舉平等
中文摘要: 若務實地檢視我國國會選舉制度,即應取向於解決選舉實務中若干已浮現之議題,質言之,就單一選區多數選舉制部分,爭議之處乃在於議席分配與選區劃分是否有牴觸選舉平等原則;其次,就政黨比例代表制部分,則是憲法明定政黨比例分配之門檻限制,其憲法政策上是否妥適,凡此,其檢討之標準皆指向於作為選舉原則之一的選舉平等原則,其概念內涵、功能目的與其限制。然而,我國憲法增修條文直接規定立法院立法委員之議席分配、選區劃分之基本原則及門檻條款之限制-以直轄市、縣市為最基礎的單位,每縣市至少一人,百分之五的政黨得票門檻。因此,我國相關選舉法制上的爭議,並非僅屬憲法釋義學的課題,而係牽涉憲法政策的取捨問題,也由於憲法條文規範內容與結構甚為明確,釋憲機關據之解釋的空間相應地極屬有限。
英文關鍵詞: Single-Constituency-Two-Votes Systemthe arrangement of constituenciesproportional representation systemthreshold clauseequal protection in election
英文摘要: If we examine our congressional election system pragmatically, we would attempt to deal with certain issues that emerge from the application of the elections. That means, under the Single-Constituency-Two-Votes System, the disputes lie in whether the distribution of seats and the arrangement of constituencies are in violation of the principle of equal protection. Secondly, as to the party proportional representation system, the issue should be if it is appropriate for the Constitution to clearly regulate the threshold of the distribution of the proportional representation system. The standard for examining these issues is pointed to the principle of equal protection in election, one of the principles of election. Nevertheless, the Amendment of the Constitution directly regulates the distribution of the seats of the congressmen, the underlying principle of the arrangement of constituencies and the threshold that uses the cities and counties as the basic units to require at least one congressman for each city or county, and the threshold that prescribes a 5% of the total vote for a party to participate in the proportional representation system. Therefore, the issues relating to our electoral system are not only disputes of constitutional interpretation, but also involved with the choice of constitutional policy. Since the clarity of the content and structure of the articles of the Constitution, the court thus has limited space for interpretation.
目  次: 壹、問題提出與論述步驟
貳、選舉與選舉平等原則之關聯性
參、選舉平等原則對於選舉制度所提出之要求
肆、結論
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