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論著名稱:
由美國實務經驗探討我國著作權法禁止規避防盜拷措施條款(Comments on the Anti-piracy Provisions of Taiwan Copyright Law from the U.S. Practical Experiences)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 吳淑莉
出版日期: 2010.06
刊登出處: 台灣/科技法律評析第 3 期/35-71 頁
頁  數: 25 點閱次數: 2251
下載點數: 100 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 吳淑莉
關 鍵 詞: 科技保護措施反規避條款防盜拷措施言論自由合理使用
中文摘要: 為因應數位科技的發展與網路時代之著作權保護,美國DMCA增訂有關規避科技保護措施之責任,但於實務適用反規避條款則引發爭議。我國亦於著作權法增訂禁止規避防盜拷措施相關規定,並繼受美國DMCA之規範,因此美國實務上適用反規避條款所衍生的問題,將可使我國於適用上以為殷鑑。因此本文從美國實務的經驗發展,先探討反規避條款所引發言論自由與其不當限制社會大眾對著作合理使用的權利之爭議。再藉由探討美國實務發展從爭訟標的為數位內容至演變成功能性產品製造商主張科技措施條款之保護,並以依Chamberlain法院,主張DMCA第1201條( a )( 2 )之適用,應具備之六個要件,檢視我國著作權法禁止規避防盜拷措施相關規定之缺失,並提出本文見解與建議。
英文關鍵詞: Technological protection measuresAnti-circumvention provisionsAnti-piracy measuresFreedom of speechFair use
英文摘要: Concerned by the prospect of digital piracy, digital content industries, such as software, music and movie companies, began protecting their works via encryption and other digital techniques. However, technologically users could develop methods to circumvent any such digital techniques. As a result, anti-circumvention rules were provided to prohibit the circumvention of technological protection measures that safeguard copyrighted digital content. The anti-circumvention provisions in the Digital Millennium Copyright Act ( DMCA ) have been challenged for the impact on the fair use defense to copyright infringement, and the constitutionality. With the recent judicial challenges against manufacturers of durable goods in the U.S., the potential for future manufacturers in Taiwan arguing for the application of the anti-piracy provisions in Taiwan Copyright Law remains a matter of some concern as an unintended consequence of the legislation.
This Article will first provide the anti-circumvention laws both in U.S. and in Taiwan. Then, it will focus on the anti-circumvention rules in the DMCA, exploring the judicial developments involving durable goods after-markets, and the questions of the constitutionality of these provisions. It will identify the major problems of the anti-circumvention provisions in Taiwan Copyright Law through an analysis of DMCA related case law. It analyzes some case law interpreting the anti-circumvention provisions in the context of digital piracy, and two cases that inconsistently apply the anti-circumvention provisions to functional applications of copyrighted software embedded in durable goods. Then it further analyzes the six elements used by the Chamberlain court to argue the issues retained in the anti-piracy provisions of Taiwan Copyright Law. Finally, this Article will suggest reforms for Taiwan anti-piracy legislation by drawing on experience from the practical effects of implementing DMCA § 1201. It concludes that the anti-piracy rules in Taiwan should be revised in order to prevent misuse in the anti-piracy context and unintended application of the law.

目  次: 壹、前言
貳、科技保護措施之保護相關規定
一、美國 DMCA 禁止規避科技保護措施行為之相關規範
二、我國著作權法禁止規避防盜拷措施行為之相關規範
參、美國 DMCA 反規避條款之實務發展
一、案例涉及數位內容之科技保護措施所產生之爭議
二、反規避條款案例涉及永久性產品所產生之爭議
肆、我國禁止規避防盜拷措施條款所可能產生之合憲性疑慮
一、言論自由之爭議
二、合理使用之爭議
伍、以美國法院判決理由檢視我國禁止規避防盜拷措施條款
陸、結論

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相關論著:
吳淑莉,由美國實務經驗探討我國著作權法禁止規避防盜拷措施條款,科技法律評析,第 3 期,35-71 頁,2010年06月。
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