法學期刊.
  • 社群分享
論著名稱: 兒少安全網路環境法制之研究(Legal Study on Safe and Secure Internet Use for Children and Juveniles)
編著譯者: 郭戎晉
出版日期: 2011.01
刊登出處: 台灣/法學叢刊第 56 卷 第 1 期 /107-140 頁
頁  數: 34 點閱次數: 1809
下載點數: 136 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 法學叢刊雜誌社
關 鍵 詞: 未成年人網際網路社交網站網路霸凌網路內容青少年安心安全利用網路環境法兒童及少年福利法分級
中文摘要: 網路頻寬的提升及上網費用之日益下降,網路早已不再是少數人所享有的特權。然在網路普及度大幅提高的同時,「用戶年齡層」卻有逐步向下延伸之趨勢,以國內現況而論,未成年人使用網路之比例已超過 9 成。相較於傳統媒體,網路內容幾近不受管制,隨著兒少大量接觸並頻繁使用網路,若干的負面影響也伴隨而生。對於被稱作「數位原住民」的兒少來說,在心智未臻成熟下,極易受到網路資訊之不當影響。而現今快速發展的資訊技術與各項新興的網路應用型態,對於兒少所肇致的風險,則以「性引誘與援交」、「網路霸凌」與「爭議網路內容」等三者為主,各國亦不乏相對應之法制出現。然而,隨著爭議問題逐一出現,現今各國的思考重心,逐漸傾向打造一個全面性、足使兒少安心使用的網路空間,以期根本性的解決問題。其中,日本於2008 年通過名為「青少年安心安全利用網路環境法」的新法,希冀透過教育活動與過濾機制等措施,營造一個殊值兒少得以安心安全使用的網路環境。本文嘗試分析現時網路對於兒少所產生之負面影響,以及各國為建構兒少安全網路環境所推行的新興法制措施,俾利各界對於此一數位時代衍生的重要課題,能有更為深入之了解,並作為我國相關法制之對照與參考。
英文關鍵詞: InternetSocial Networking SiteCyber-bullingWeb ContentChildren and Juvenile Welfare LawInternet Content Rating RegulationRating
英文摘要: Along with the development of digital technology, internet has gradually become the main channels of learning and entertainment for children and juveniles.
At the same time, web pages which contain sex and violence materials stain this visually-based network and distort the healthy growth of minor audience. According to a recent report announced by Harvard University, problematic internet-based contents has caused some questions which organized around three sets of online threats: sexual solicitation, cyber-bulling and exposure to problematic content. Major countries have passed several legislations toward these new issues. Furthermore, Japan even passed a new law in 2008 to develop an environment that provides safe and secure internet use for young people. In Taiwan, The Children and Juvenile Welfare Law was promulgated in 2003which enacted with the goal of protecting children and teenager’s physical and mental healthy, safeguarding their rights and benefits, and enhancing their welfare. For the purpose of prohibiting the dissemination of inappropriate information via the Internet, based on Article 27 of the Children and Juvenile Welfare Law, the Government Information Office enacted Internet Content Rating Regulation in 2004. However, the Article 27 of the Children and Juvenile Welfare Law and the Internet Content Rating Regulation received strong criticisms about violating the right to freedom of expression since they were enacted. It is a hard work to find out a point of balance between the freedom of expression and the best benefit for children and juveniles. This article will first analysis the newest foreign legislations over the issues related to the influence of internet use toward children and juveniles. On the basis of materials above, the author will also try to point out the weakness of domestic legislation and offer some significant suggestions for future amendment.

目  次: 壹、前言
貳、兒少網路使用行為產生之主要風險
參、新興對應法制之發展概況
肆、安全網路環境法制建構之倡議
伍、我國法制之觀察與建議-代結論

相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
    返回功能列