法學期刊
  • 社群分享
論著名稱:
論名譽權保護與言論自由保護的衡平與衝撞-從美國侵害名譽權法之啟示論析我國民事侵害名譽權法之問題與發展(Research on a New Taiwanese Civil Defamation Law from the Perspective of American Constitutional Defamation Law)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 呂麗慧
出版日期: 2011.03
刊登出處: 台灣/國立高雄大學法學論叢第 6 卷 第 2 期/131-192 頁
頁  數: 61 點閱次數: 2756
下載點數: 244 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 國立高雄大學法學院 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 侵害名譽權法侵權行為言論自由真實惡意確信真實
中文摘要: 當前,名譽權與言論自由之保護衝突時,在我國民事侵害名譽權法上,產生兩個重要的問題:(1) 我國民事侵害名譽權法是否有美國侵害名譽權法上「真實惡意」原則之適用?(2) 我國刑法誹謗罪在大法官釋字第 509 號解釋後,是否對民事侵害名譽權法造成改變和影響?本文從上述兩個思考點出發,先就美國侵害名譽權法作全觀性的評論,針對「真實惡意」原則之發展與適用,以及美國法之優缺點加以探論,再以我國法的角度提出疑問與省思,並與釋字第 509 號解釋及刑法誹謗罪所產生的相關問題,作進一步的比較分析,進而歸納出我國民事侵害名譽權法發展新局之三項原則:(1) 「言論不實性」為言論自由保護之切入點,(2) 侵害名譽權行為人對「不實言論之認知」為言論自由保護的關鍵點,(3)「公共性」因素(公眾人物/公共議題)為言論自由保護之啟動機制,並對民事侵害名譽權法提出體系發展之建構,期能對我國民事侵害名譽權法之發展新局,提出切要的省思與展望。
英文關鍵詞: Defamation LawTortsFreedom of SpeechActual Malice RuleBelieved Truth
英文摘要: When the protection of an individual’s reputation conflicts with the right of freedom of speech, two important legal issues of civil defamation law arise: (1) Is it possible to apply the American actual malice rule to Taiwanese civil defamatio law? and (2)When the Justices of the Constitutional Court consider freedom of speech issues in the criminal defamation law in the Interpretation of No. 509, have they made any changes in the civil defamation law? In order to answer these questions, I first review American defamation law as a whole. This review includes the development and the application of the American rule of actual malice.
I comment on the advantages and disadvantages of the American law on defamation. Second, I compare the differences between the actual malice rule and the Interpretation of No. 509 and apply three guidelines: (1) To protect false speech is the entry to the protection of freedom of speech; (2) Speakers are liable under the civil defamation law only if the speaker knew or should have known the speech was false; and (3) The public factors (i.e., speech involving a public concern or where the person spoken about is a public figure) are the crucial factors to analyze under a freedom of speech claim. Finally, based on the above discussions, I reorganize the legal system for Taiwanese civil constitutional defamation law and hope to develop a new Taiwanese civil defamation law.

目  次: 壹、前言
貳、美國侵害名譽權法之解析
一、概說
二、重要指標案例評論
三、美國法之觀察與再深思─我國民事侵害名譽權法發展新局
之前探
參、我國民事侵害名譽權法面臨之衝擊與問題
一、釋字第509 號解釋對民事侵害名譽權法之衝擊
二、客觀與主觀要件問題之再深究
肆、我國民事侵害名譽權法發展新局之三面向
一、言論自由保護之切入點─行為人不須自證真實
二、言論自由保護之關鍵點─行為人對不實侵害名譽權言論須
有一定認知
三、言論自由保護之啟動機制─公共性因素
伍、省思與展望(代結論)

相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
呂麗慧,論名譽權保護與言論自由保護的衡平與衝撞-從美國侵害名譽權法之啟示論析我國民事侵害名譽權法之問題與發展,國立高雄大學法學論叢,第 6 卷 第 2 期,131-192 頁,2011年03月。
返回功能列