法學期刊
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論著名稱:
犯罪被害人陳述制度之成效-從英國實證研究成果出發(Competing Perspectives on Victim Statements)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 謝如媛
出版日期: 2011.06
刊登出處: 台灣/法學新論第 30 期/13-34 頁
頁  數: 22 點閱次數: 1080
下載點數: 88 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 謝如媛
關 鍵 詞: 被害人被害陳述被害回復刑事程序量刑
中文摘要: 被害人陳述制度向來被認為是提升被害人權利地位的重要措施。然而其實際運用的過程與結果,是否有益於被害人,仍有待研究。本文先檢討英國相關制度的實證研究成果,並輔以其他國家的調查研究,檢討被害人陳述制度的優缺得失。結果發現,被害人陳述制度的成效,無論在被害人的參與程度或被害回復的效果方面,都不如預期。這個結果促使我們反省,「提升被害人訴訟上地位等於提升被害人權益」的思考模式,恐怕過於簡化。對立之訴訟結構中的被害人陳述對被害的回復功能,不應被過度期待,其對整體被害人政策的負面影響也不容忽視。未來應從更細緻多樣化的角度來檢討被害人參與訴訟程序之目的與方式。

英文關鍵詞: VictimVictim StatementsVictim ParticipationCriminal ProcedureSentencing
英文摘要: Victim issues have become important research subjects in recent years. Especially victim statements (also victim impact statements) programs, which allow victims to participate in criminal procedure, and give victims the chance to express their feelings about crime, even their opinions about sentencing, have arisen a lot of discussions.
Although victim statements programs are quite common in the British and American legal systems, the implements in one country differ from the others. The emphatic directions are also inconsistent. There are opposing opinions about the effectiveness of VS, and researchers are worried that VS will damage defendant’s procedure rights. In Taiwan, literatures also lack a more explicit understanding about the basis and the purposes of victim statements.
This article focuses on the basic principles of victim’s rights. First, we discuss the British experiences of victim statement programs, including the results of so-called ‘victim statement pilot projects’ and ‘Victim Statement Scheme’. Then, we compare it to the outcomes of the United States, Canada and Australia’s related programs, in order to examine the real effects of VS. This article will provide a more evidence-based evaluation about VS, and more materials for reconsidering about victim’s rights.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、被害人陳述制度概觀
參、被害人陳述制度在英國之發展
肆、各類調查研究結果的共通點
伍、對被害人陳述制度的反思
陸、結語
相關法條:
相關判解:
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相關論著:
謝如媛,犯罪被害人陳述制度之成效-從英國實證研究成果出發,法學新論,第 30 期,13-34 頁,2011年06月。
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