法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 固有倫常與舶來法律-「殺尊親屬罪」的歷史、觀念及其歸趨(The Inherent Normal Principles of Chinese Ethical Relationship and Foreign Laws: The History, Concept and Trends of Parricide)
編著譯者: 黃源盛
出版日期: 2010.10
刊登出處: 台灣/政大法學評論第 117 期 /1-61 頁
頁  數: 40 點閱次數: 1351
下載點數: 160 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 黃源盛
關 鍵 詞: 殺尊親屬罪弒親倫常條款
中文摘要: 傳統中國刑律,禮與刑的關係始終糾葛難分。自一九○二年晚清變法修律以來,為了撤廢領事裁判權,在內外雙重壓力下,隨順因緣地導入了近代歐西新的法學理念,從此,個人、自由、權利本位的立法思想引進了古老中國的本土,固有的身分倫理法制隨之動搖。不禁要問,在近代以西方為主流的法律思潮下的刑事立法,究竟要如何對待倫理道德與法律規範之間的關係?要合?要分?合多分少?分多合少?要言之,倫理道德宜不宜法律化?刑法的法益保護思想,其內涵是否包含社會核心的價值理念?
實際上,源自一九一一年一月《大清新刑律》的我國刑法,目前,仍存有多處所謂的「倫常條款」,凡此富於倫理道德意涵的規範,何以會在帝制中國刑律中陳陳相因,歷千年以上而凝滯不變?又為何會溫存迄今?與現代刑事法學的思潮有無牴牾之處?終將何去何從?
本文擬先自法史學的角度,針對刑典上的倫常條款,特別聚焦在眾所矚目的「殺直系血親尊親屬罪」這個犯罪類型上,從事歷史沿革的考察,以明其演化軌跡;再從當今刑法思想的變動,剖析其理論基礎的變與不變;另從德、日等外國立法例觀察其存廢經緯,以窺其未來的可能走向。
英文關鍵詞: Murder of Family MembersEthical RulesMercy and LawFilial PietyLaws and Ethics
英文摘要: Mercy and punishment in traditional Chinese criminal law had always been closely intertwined. In the wake of internal and external pressure from society to abolish consular jurisdiction, it became impossible to maintain the Chinese law systems and traditional Chinese laws were altered by the new legal thinking of Western countries introduced since the period of legislative reforms of the late Ch'ing Dynasty. Therefore, the new legislative thinking of individualism and liberalism were injected into ancient Chinese society and the original legal system of ethics was shaken. It is worthwhile asking how the new criminal legal thinking of individualism and liberalism will cope with the relationship between ethics and legislation. Should we combine them and, if so, to what extent? Should we separate them and, if so, to what extent? In other words, should we legislate ethics? Is it proper to have ethics legislated?
At present, many so-called rules based on ethics exist in the criminal laws of our country. It is worth asking why such laws enriched with ethics have remained unchanged for more than a thousand of years? Why does such a situation still exist in modern criminal law? Does it conflict with the legal thinking of modern criminal law? What should their roles be in the future?
This article intends to concentrate on the crime of "murder of relatives in one's direct line of ancestry" in regard to the ethical rules, which attract the public's attention; from the respect of legal history, the analysis will be conducted to examine historical developments to better understand how the legal treatment of ethics has changed over time. In addition, this article examines changes and the lack of changes in theoretical bases by analyzing the changes in legal thinking in mod- era criminal law. This article will also observe the standard to maintain or abolish it and forecast the future by analyzing the legislation of Japan, Germany and other countries.
目  次: 壹、序說-由兩則案例談起
貳、傳統中國殺尊親屬罪的立法例與法理根據
  一、唐之前的梟獍之行
  二、《唐律》中的惡逆之條
  三、明清律中的綱常之變
參、晚清民初變法修律中倫常條款的生與死
  一、清末禮法爭議下尊卑相犯條的存廢之爭
  (一)關於殺尊親屬罪及其刑罰的執行方式
  (二)關於卑幼對尊長的正當防衛
  (三)關於故殺子孫的法定刑度
  二、民國初期殺尊親屬罪的修法經
肆、從比較法史觀點看殺尊親屬罪的歸趨
  一、外國相關立法例的動向
  (一)祇規定卑親屬殺尊親屬的立法例
  (二)併規定卑殺尊、尊殺卑及殺配偶尊親屬的立法例
  (三)對殺尊親屬罪曾採加重類型規定嗣已刪除的立法例
  二、日本脫亞入歐前後殺直系尊親屬罪的存廢爭議
  (一)從繼受《唐律》到繼受歐陸法
  (二)殺尊親屬罪合憲乎?違憲乎?
伍、西法東漸中倫常觀念的困惑、更新與再詮釋
  一、傳統中國親親之義的家族倫理性禮法
  二、近代西方自由主義思潮中的個人主體性立法
  三、刑法法益保護思想與孝道觀念的轉向
  (一)行為人與被害人關係
  (二)行為動機目的與歸責對象
陸、結論殺直系血親尊親屬罪宜何去何從?
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