法學期刊
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論著名稱:
我國勞工抗爭行為阻卻刑事違法問題簡介(An Introduction on Criminal Justification for the Labor Protestant Activity in Taiwan )
文獻引用
編著譯者: 黃宗旻
出版日期: 2008.12
刊登出處: 台灣/軍法專刊第 54 卷 第 6 期/70-82 頁
頁  數: 13 點閱次數: 2449
下載點數: 52 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 軍法專刊社 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 勞工抗爭阻卻違法爭議行為刑事免責勞資爭議處理法草案
中文摘要: 勞工為求取生存及尊嚴,有時會從事若干對雇主施壓或自力救濟的抗爭活動,當該等行為觸犯刑法時如何處理,即本文的討論課題。本文探究我國勞工抗爭行為的特性、成因、及憲法上定位,並分析相關規定,發現此類抗爭行為若觸犯刑法,在現行法下並無作特殊處理的依據,且難適用法定阻卻違法事由。近期可望通過的「勞資爭議處理法修正草案」雖增設特殊的「刑事豁免」規定,但內容頗多疑義,施行後未必能改善現況,建議實務上仍利用「優越利益衡量」原則作阻卻違法判斷,以因應個案需求。
英文關鍵詞: labor protestant activitylegal justificationindustrial actioncriminal immunitythe Amendment of the Settlement of Labor Disputes Law
英文摘要: Sometimes an employee is compelled to take illegal measures in fighting for his living and dignity. How should we deal with those measures infringing criminal law? Could they be justified under current law? This paper first inquired into the characteristics of labor protestant activities in Taiwan, historical grounds for these characteristics,and constitutional position of these activities. After analyzing provisions concerned,w e found that none of them provides grounds for special consideration of the kind of cases at issue. Moreover,the statutory justification grounds are not applicable. A “criminal immunity” provision is included in the Amendment of the Settlement of Labor Disputes Law,w hich is supposedly to be passed in the near future. However,the provision is too ambiguous to be as functional as an immediate relief shall be. In practice,th e jurists should still resort to the general rule of legal justification in criminal law,th at is, the principle of “superior interest”,whil e they deal with specific case.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、台灣的勞工抗爭行為
一、集體勞動關係未獲健全發展的歷史因素
二、勞工抗爭行為之特性
三、勞工抗爭行為的憲法定位
參、現行法有關勞工抗爭行為構成犯罪之規範
一、勞工抗爭行為與可能構成的犯罪
二、工會法之特別規定
(一)爭議行為之合法要件
(二)違法爭議行為之刑事責任
三、刑法法定阻卻違法事由之適用可能
(一)依法令之行為
(二)業務上正當行為
四、附論:勞資爭議處理法修正草案中之「刑事豁免」規定
(一)草案內容
(二)行為主體及行為類型之限制
(三)「正當性」之要求
(四)非以強暴脅迫致他人生命、身體受侵害或有受侵害之虞
肆、實務案例簡評
伍、建議與展望
相關法條:
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相關論著:
黃宗旻,我國勞工抗爭行為阻卻刑事違法問題簡介,軍法專刊,第 54 卷 第 6 期,70-82 頁,2008年12月。
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