法學期刊.
  • 社群分享
論著名稱: 環境污染裁罰制度之實然與應然-試以美國水污染法制度之設計提供我國就裁罰規範再思考之比較(Legal Actuality and Necessity of the Penalty System for Violations under Environmental Regulation - The Comparative Study of Water Pollution Control in Taiwan and U.S)
編著譯者: 宮文祥
出版日期: 2011.10
刊登出處: 台灣/法學叢刊第 56 卷 第 4 期 /25-63 頁
頁  數: 39 點閱次數: 2137
下載點數: 156 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 法學叢刊雜誌社
關 鍵 詞: 水污染防治罰鍰審酌因子按日連罰不法利得
中文摘要: 對於環境保護,環境法令之制定與執行,擔負著多重的功能與任務,不僅要能避免環境的污染、改善受規範者對法令的遵守、促進其能做到更好的環境執行工作,也要能提供社會更多環境的資訊,使大眾得以瞭解身處環境風險為何。這些目的的達成,裁罰制度的設計,作為受規範者行動驅使之機制以及經濟誘因之提供,便係環保法律得否成功的關鍵因素之一。
本文將藉由提供美國水污染控相關規範之介紹,比較國內學者及實務對於水污染罰鍰制度之設計與執行所爭論之相關議題,尤其針對「按日連續處罰」與「不法利得」之爭議,期冀能透過美國法制之思考脈絡之討論,能提供國內學者不一樣的思維,以助於理解環境污染管制之實然與應然面,進而讓我國得以有更為完善的環保規範,以真正落實對環境的保護。

英文關鍵詞: penalty calculationthe Clean Water Acteconomic benefitwrongful profit analysisand discharge permit
英文摘要: For environmental protection, environmental law and regulation shall improve regulated entities’ compliance, encourage them to have better environmental performance, prevent our environment from pollution, and disclose environmental information to the public and help them understand what risks they are facing. For fulfilling these goals, the penalty, as an action-forcing clause or a kind of economic incentive to the regulated, is a critical element for the success of the environmental legal system.
This paper is to introduce the penalty system, especially in the Clean Water Act, in U.S. and compare it with our current legal practice. This paper will focus on the issues of economic benefits of violators under non-compliance, including the discussion of “wrongful profit analysis” (or so-called “illegal competitive advantage”), and how to make the final penalty onto the regulated, based on the agency’s discretion.
Under comparative legal study approach, this paper can provide different perspective for our legal system to have better achievement in our environmental protection.

目  次: 壹、序論
貳、國內實務案例之提出暨相關爭議之學說見解
參、美國法制之介紹
肆、提供國內再思考之比較依據
伍、結論

相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
    相關論著:
    返回功能列