法學期刊
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論著名稱:
國際私法上之收養(Taiwanese Private International Law on Inter-country Adoption)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 蔡華凱
出版日期: 2012.04
刊登出處: 台灣/政大法學評論第 126 期/57-104 頁
頁  數: 30 點閱次數: 1910
下載點數: 120 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 蔡華凱
關 鍵 詞: 跨國收養國際裁判管轄住所地國管轄分別適用(分配性適用)累積性適用並行適用夫妻國籍不同時之收養隱藏性反致涉外民事法律適用法第五十四條涉外民事法律適用法第十八條
中文摘要: 關於涉外收養,日本的舊國際私法選法規則過去與我國的修正前涉外民事法律適用法相同,採依各該收養者被收養者之本國法之分配性的聯繫因素,結果不但沒讓涉外收養關係容易成立,實務上反而窒礙難行,最主要的原因在於分配性的適用往往變成累積性的適用。又,特別是以未成年子女為對象之收養,多係養子至養親之環境下生活,顯與養親的本國法之間具有比較密切之關係,日本遂於一九八九年全面修正涉外身分關係的選法規則之際,針對涉外收養揚棄分配性的適用。本文檢討我國涉外收養裁判之結果,發現我國法院案例具有一共同的現象,即是將分配性的立法解釋成累積性的適用。換言之,日本過去修法的最主要理由,亦正發生在我國的裁判實務當中。此次我國新修正的涉外民事法律適用法第五十四條第一項的規定,完全承襲修正前第十八條第一項的舊規定。本文之目的在於檢討並分析涉外收養的立法與解釋,並指出在我國學說的普遍認知與實務間的解釋與適用顯然存在相當大的落差。此外,本文針對收養人國籍不同時的準據法適用問題以及隱藏性反致之適用問題,進行檢討與分析。
英文關鍵詞: Inter-country AdoptionCumulative ApplicationDistributive ApplicationHidden RenvoiInternational JurisdictionJurisdiction based on DomicileAdoption When the Spouses are in different nationalityTaiwanese Private International Law Article 54Taiwanese Private International Law Article 18
英文摘要: Taiwanese Private International Law on Inter-country Adoption
Under the current choice-of-law rules on inter-country adoption in Taiwanese private international law, the adopter and the child shall be governed by his/her/their national law, respectively. The application of this rule is known as a distributive approach and the rule was made by reference to the old Japanese private international law. In 1989, Japanese private international law revised the choice-of-law rule on inter- country adoption, abandoned the distributive approach based on the reason that, the distributive application tended to be construed as a cumulative approach by Japanese courts. As a result, inter-country adoption was not easy to be established in Japan due to the fact that the adopter was not only governed by his/her national law, but also was governed by the child's national law, and vice versa under the judicial practice in Japan. Therefore, the applicable law to the intercountry adoption in Japanese private international law was replaced by a new rule that the requirements of inter-country adoption shall be governed solely by the national law of the prospective adoptive parents.
The situation that occurred in previous Japanese judicial practice is now taking place in Taiwanese judicial practice. Most of the Taiwanese courts construed the choice-of-law rules on international adoption into cumulative approach. As a result, the adopter is governed not only by his/her national law but also governed by the child's national law, and vice versa. Unfortunately, the newly revised choice-of-law rules on inter-country adoption in Taiwanese private law maintain the same approach as the current rule.
In addition to the issue above-mentioned, some Taiwanese courts apply hidden renvoi in cases in which the national law of parties are common-law which takes a jurisdictional approach to adoption. This article argues that the application of hidden renvoi to the jurisdictional approach not only lacks a theoretical basis but also contradicts the tenor of renvoi.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、國際司法上之收養
一、制度之比較
二、指導之原則
(一)主要的指導原則
(二)輔助的指導原則
參、國際裁判管轄
一、理論之根據
二、決定的方法
三、管轄權基礎
肆、準據法之決定
一、問題的提起
二、立法與解釋
(一)準據法之連結方法
(二)日本之立法與解釋
(三)我國之立法與解釋
三、分析與檢討
(一)我國之裁判實務
(二)立法論之比較
伍、準據法之適用
一、適用之對象與範圍
(一)成立
(二)效力
(三)方法
(四)終止
二、收養人國籍不同時
三、反致與隱藏性反致
陸、結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
蔡華凱,國際私法上之收養,政大法學評論,第 126 期,57-104 頁,2012年04月。
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