法學期刊
論著名稱: 兩岸協議與共同打擊海上犯罪之研究-以受僱大陸漁船船員問題及走私大陸農、漁、畜產品類犯罪為中心(Research on Cross-Strait Agreements and Joint Campaign against Marine Crimes)
編著譯者: 周成瑜
出版日期: 2013.04
刊登出處: 台灣/軍法專刊第 59 卷 第 2 期 /57-72 頁
頁  數: 16 點閱次數: 1155
下載點數: 64 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 軍法專刊社 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 走私兩岸協議漁事糾紛大陸船員
中文摘要: 2009 年 6 月 25 日雙方簽署之「海峽兩岸共同打擊犯罪及司法互助協議」在合作範圍中,確定嚴重的海上犯罪納入主要議題之一,即走私犯罪、組織偷渡罪及劫持船舶罪,藉此與一般之漁事糾紛做區隔。同年底另簽署「海峽兩岸漁船船員勞務合作協議」,建立官方合作機制及對加強兩岸漁船船員保障,納入仲介機關聯繫責任,避免海上喋血事件發生。雖然依目前情況看來,以此管道偷渡的案件隨之銳減,也減少海上遣返航次,然而是否以此身分隨船入境之大陸船員,違反契約義務行為,均可用送返方式,由仲介機關處理,仍值得探討。
至於海上走私大陸農漁產品入境問題,雖屬我方打擊犯罪重點,惟因雙方對走私罪定義不同,且執法人員均在己方實際管轄的海域內執法,缺乏直接聯繫管道,往往只能查緝己方人民,藉由兩岸協議平台通報及時能逮捕他方罪犯的,似乎並不多見。本文亦將提出境內查緝對金馬海域實務見解、執法機關聯繫及舉證困境,探討深化該部分之司法互助能量。
英文關鍵詞: SmugglingCross-strait agreementFishing disputesContinental crew
英文摘要: June 25, 2009, the two sides signed an “Joint Campaign Against Crimes Across the Taiwan Straits and mutual legal assistance agreement on judicial branches of the two sides.” in the scope of cooperation , to determine the severity of the crime at sea into one of the main topics, namely the crime of smuggling, organized crime of illegal and immigrants and hijacked the ship sin, to differentiate the fishing disputes. The end of the same year, another sign is a “cross-strait fishing boat crew labor cooperation agreement”, the establishment of the official cooperation mechanisms and strengthen cross-strait fishing boat crew protection, included in the agency authorities with responsibility to avoid bloodshed at sea happen. Although according to the present situation as a pipeline smuggling cases plunged, also reduced marine repatriation voyage, however, whether this identity of the ship entry to the mainland crew, breach of contractual obligations behavior, can be used the the Repatriation way by the agency authority treatment, is still worth exploring.
As for the smuggling by sea the mainland fishery products immigration, although our fight against crime focus, but due to both the definition of the crime of smuggling, and law enforcement officers are in the waters under the jurisdiction of one’s own actual within law enforcement, lack of dire ct contact channels, often only investigation of its own people informed in a timely manner, is able to arrest the criminals ofth e other party by the cross-strait agreements platform, it seems between few and far. This paper will also propose the investigation within practical views on Kinmen and Matsu waters, contact the law enforcement authorities and the plight of proof methods, deepen the energy ofth at portion of the mutual legal assistance agreement on judicial.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、兩岸協議與共同打擊海上犯罪概況
參、兩岸勞務合作協議與共同打擊海上犯罪之關聯
一、兩岸勞務合作協議之聯繫主體
二、協調事項
三、對違約的大陸船員處理方式-送返並非遣返
肆、兩岸合作打擊海上走私農、漁、畜產品類相關問題
一、我方新修正之規範內容重點
二、大陸地區之規範內容重點
三、雙方規範差異性問題
伍、海上走私大陸漁獲、畜產品犯罪境內查緝海域認定問題
一、馬祖外海走私進口案
(一)事實經過
(二)最高法院對該案起運海域之見解
二、自大陸走私入境馬祖案
(一)事實經過
(二)福建連江地方法院對該案查獲海域之見解
三、小結
陸、兩岸海上治安機關直接聯繫必要性
一、海上走私查獲情形
二、兩岸海上治安機關職掌差異
柒、結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
    相關論著:
      返回功能列