法學期刊
  • 社群分享
論著名稱: 公務人員休假制度之法理與實務探討-以勞工特別休假為對照(Jurisprudence & Legal Practice on Civil Servants' Vacation System-Compared with Laborers' Special Vacation)
編著譯者: 馮惠平
出版日期: 2014.01
刊登出處: 台灣/文官制度季刊第 6 卷 第 1 期 /95-131 頁
頁  數: 26 點閱次數: 2801
下載點數: 104 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 馮惠平
關 鍵 詞: 有給休假未休假加班費休假補助請求權形成權
中文摘要: 中國古時農業社會生活步調緩慢,工作與休閒並非涇渭分明,似乎並無特別規範官吏休假之必要。時至今日,社會已進入高度分工的科技時代,型態與結構迥異過往,安逸平穩景況不再,代之而起是社會環境快速變遷,以效率、競爭及緊張為發展象徵。就公務人員而言,藉由「休假」使其脫離工作壓力,從中不僅恢復既有能力,更進一步激發內在潛能,當是一重要課題。「休假」,究竟是否係公務人員的權利?按服務年資計算休假日數是否合理?有給休假是否需要再補助?未休假加班費是否有存在的必要?凡此,皆有值得探究之處。本文欲藉由文獻研究法,對照勞工特別休假相關規範與法理,從探討休假的意義、功能及法律性質談起,繼而簡介先進國家相關休假制度,復進一步論述我國公務人員休假制度沿革,最後,做出相關檢討及修法建議,俾供有司參考。
英文關鍵詞: vacation with payovertime pay for no vacationvacation allowancethe right to claimthe right to form
英文摘要: In an agricultural society, the pace of life was slow and there was no clear borderline between work and rest. So there was no need to regulate vacation affairs for government agencies. But things changed as we entered a new era of rapid scientific and technological development marked by an increasingly delicate division of labor. The social environment has become highly competitive and efficient, prompted by rapid changes. For those who work under such circumstances, it’s necessary to release their work pressures through vacation. In other words, they want to be recharged for a while, and then come back to work with renewed energy. It is also believed that their potentials can be well instigated through moderate relaxation. Therefore the vacation system planning has become an important subject for us. While some questions are left for further consideration, such as whether the vacation designed for civil servants could be seen as a right, whether it is reasonable to calculate the days of vacation based on their seniorities, whether it is necessary to provide allowance when they have already got permission for vacation, or whether we should keep the overtime pay for not taking vacation.
This article explores the true meaning, functions and legal features of our vacation system designed for government employees by going through relevant literatures and comparing it with the relevant rules and legal principles of our laborers’ special vacation system. The paper then looks at some examples of vacation systems of other advanced countries and the history of ours own system. In conclusion, the author puts forth a consolidated legal suggestion for our government policy making.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、休假的意義、功能及法律性質
一、意義與功能
二、法律性質
參、各國休假制度概況
一、我國公務人員休假與勞工特別休假
二、各國勞工特別休假
三、各國公務人員休假
四、各國公務人員休假或不休假衍生之給付
肆、我國公務人員休假制度沿革
一、休假規定
二、不休假獎金
三、休假補助
小結
伍、檢討與建議
一、不分年資久暫,固定給假日數
二、明確給假要件,尊重權利行使
三、取消未休獎勵,貫徹休假本旨
四、逐降休假補助,從事正當休閒
五、提升法制位階,彰顯休假權利
陸、結論
參考文獻
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
    相關論著:
      返回功能列