法學期刊
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論著名稱:
涉陸婚姻事件之區際管轄與法律適用(The Inter-Regional Jurisdiction and the Application of Law in Marital Cases Involving Mainland China Element)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 伍偉華
出版日期: 2013.10
刊登出處: 台灣/法學叢刊第 58 卷 第 4 期/89-133 頁
頁  數: 45 點閱次數: 1691
下載點數: 180 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 法學叢刊雜誌社
關 鍵 詞: 臺灣地區與大陸地區人民關係條例區際選法規則涉陸事件涉外事件管轄定性婚姻要件公序良俗闡明義務突襲性裁判
中文摘要: 涉陸身分事件,有其一定之審理層次及結構:首需正確判斷何為區際私法案件,而排除具涉外因素之涉外案件,並適用兩岸條例;其次,需依序進行區際裁判管轄權之審查及定性,並適用正確之兩岸條例區際選法規則條文,復以指向之兩岸實體法解決系爭案件,最後則進行公序良俗之審查。在區際裁判管轄之審查方面,涉陸婚姻事件之區際管轄,仍應斟酌具體個案情形,體察兩岸直航之現況,妥適認定當事人之住所或經常共同住所,並兼顧法院審理之公益、當事人之程序保障與合理期待,似不宜機械式地,一律認定臺灣法院無論如何必然具有區際管轄權。此部分區際管轄之衝突與分配問題,已非單方法院透過解釋或裁判即能完全解決,故宜納入兩岸司法互助協議。至於婚姻要件之區際選法規則,應適用兩岸條例第 52 條第 1 項之規定,倘誤用同條例第 53 條之規定,則可能導出完全相反之婚姻無效結論,致衍生相關親屬、繼承問題,影響當事人權益甚鉅。而適用準據法時,應「完全適用」其構成要件及法律效果,不宜在適用大陸法律之構成要件後,又回頭套用臺灣類似法律之法律效果,且宜先行使闡明權,避免突襲性裁判致影響當事人權益。
英文關鍵詞: Law on the Relationship between the People in the Taiwan Area and the People in the Mainland AreaInterregional Choice of Law RuleCases involving Mainland China ElementCases involving Foreign ElementJurisdictionIdentificationRequirements of MarriagePublic Order and Good MoralsElucidative DutyAmbush Judgment
英文摘要: Family law cases are more than any other among the cases involving Mainland China element. There is a specific framework for its handling in court. This paper tries to analysis how to handle a case of it: In the first place, the judge called upon to handle the case should determine whether it is a case involving Mainland China element or foreign element? If it is a case without foreign element, the judge should apply to the articles of Law on the Relationship between the People in the Taiwan Area and the People in the Mainland Area. Secondly, the lawsuit is supposed to be identified to apply to the specific article of Law on the Relationship between the People in the Taiwan Area and the People in the Mainland Area. Thirdly, the lawsuit should apply to the substantive law appointed by the Law on the Relationship between the People in the Taiwan Area and the People in the Mainland Area. Finally, the result must be reviewed by public order and good morals of Taiwan.
In application of the appointed law, the application should be as a whole. It is improper to apply to the requirements of Mainland China’s law and the legal effect of Taiwan’s at the same time. Besides, the judge has to fulfill the elucidative duty to avoid the ambush judgment.
After the clarification of the framework for handling the lawsuit, the judge has to analysis the case step by step under such a framework for application of the right article. By doing so, the judge can handle the lawsuit properly and avoid the mistakes.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、兩岸民事法律關係之特質
參、涉陸案件之認定
肆、涉陸案件之區際管轄
伍、定性
陸、涉陸婚姻事件之適用準據法
柒、公序良俗之審查
捌、總結
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
伍偉華,涉陸婚姻事件之區際管轄與法律適用,法學叢刊,第 58 卷 第 4 期,89-133 頁,2013年10月。
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