法學期刊
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論著名稱:
貪瀆罪中的職務行為意義-德國刑法上的觀點(The Crime of Acts of Corruption in the Sense of Duty-the German Criminal Law Point of View)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 周慶東
出版日期: 2011.07
刊登出處: 台灣/法學叢刊第 56 卷 第 3 期/1-16 頁
頁  數: 16 點閱次數: 1133
下載點數: 64 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 周慶東
關 鍵 詞: 職務行為機能性關係職務行為特定化職務執行
中文摘要: 本文旨在由德國刑法中對於貪瀆罪中所謂的職務行為的觀點,探討我國刑法對於貪瀆罪的職務行為的意義。首先由貪瀆罪所保護的法益出發,俾嘗試以此來準校職務行為的方向與定位。
其次以所謂的「機能性關係」來說明職務行為中應具備的內容,以此進一步說明職務行為所應具備的消極形式與積極形式此兩性質。前者指的是以「行為依其性質與公務員的職務或業務是否處於一種並非僅是外部上和緩的關係」;後者則指行為性質與職務的內、外部關係兩者間的機能性關係的判斷方向。在此方面並舉例說明之。除了說明上述的職務行為的內部外,接著討論其外延,以求對職務行為的概念更為明確。
職務行為的特定化則是為避免除了公務員對其個別的具體職務行為,就是連其他相關的活動領域也不能夠使其呈現出對其地位或職務有販售「價格化」的現象,否則刑法對貪瀆罪的規範將會過度狹隘地侷限於區分違反職務受賄罪與非違反職務受賄罪的區別標準-義務違反性-上。近年的法律即是將之前的貪污構成要件解析成收受賄賂,以及收買可能性。接著又區分出職務執行此一重要概念。藉此概念便能將不法期約的對象客體加以鬆綁、緩和化,使其從原本的職務義務違反性得以擴張適用在職務執行(非職務義務違反性)上。經過這些變化使得這上述兩者不再被認為是互排斥性關係,甚至是類似基本構成要件與加重構成要件關係。因此職務活動無須再具體確定到必須呈現出義務違反性才能夠成立不法期約,此即職務行為特定化問題所關涉的重點。
上述所討論的兩種觀點是對於討論職務行為意義中所不可避免而必須去處理的重要議題。
英文關鍵詞: Job behaviorFunctional relationshipBehavior of specific dutiesExecutive positions
英文摘要: This paper by the German criminal law for the crime of corruption of the official conduct of the so-called point of view, the crime of corruption of our criminal law for the meaning of official conduct. First by the crime of corruption of the legal interests protected by starting to serve as a way to associate the school office trying to act in the direction and positioning.
Secondly, followed by the so-called “functional relationship” to describe the behavior of functions should have the contents as further job actions should have the form of negative and positive forms of these two properties. The former are defined by “their nature and behavior of civil servants in a job or business is not only gentle on the external relations”; the latter refers to the nature of the acts and duties of internal and external relations of the functional relationship between the two judgments direction. In this regard, and illustrates it. In addition to describing the behavior of these functions outside of the package, and then discuss its extension in order for the concept of official conduct is more clear.
Behavior of specific duties of civil servants is to avoid them in addition to the specific duties of individual behavior, that is, even other related areas of activity are not able to show their status or position a sell “price” of the phenomenon, or criminal specification of the crime of corruption will be limited over a narrow distinction between bribery and breach of duty breach of duties of non-distinction between bribery standards - breach of duty of - on. In recent years, the law that is resolved before the constituent elements of corruption as bribes, as well as the possibility of buying. Then they distinguish the concept of an important job to do this. To take this concept can be the object of the lawless period of the object about to be relaxed, ease of it from the original job duties in violation of the duties applicable to the implementation of the expansion of (non-violation of duty obligations) on. These changes make it through these two is no longer considered mutually exclusive sexual relationship, or even similar to the Basic Elements Elements of the relationship with the increase. So no need to specifically identify the functional activities must be shown to be able to establish breach of duty of the lawless period of about, namely the issue of the official conduct of a particular key is involved.
Two views discussed above for discussion of the meaning of official conduct must be inevitable in dealing with important issues.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、職務行為(Diensthandlung)
參、職務行為與職務執行兩者概念的關係點-職務行為的特定化
肆、職務執行(Dienstausübung)
伍、小結
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
周慶東,貪瀆罪中的職務行為意義-德國刑法上的觀點,法學叢刊,第 56 卷 第 3 期,1-16 頁,2011年07月。
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