法學期刊
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論著名稱:
公權力委託制度的新發展-以臺灣證券交易所為例(New Developments in Delegation of the Exercise of Public Authority: A Case Study of the Taiwan Stock Exchange)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 林依仁
出版日期: 2015.12
刊登出處: 台灣/國家發展研究第 15 卷 第 1 期/47-93 頁
頁  數: 29 點閱次數: 2505
下載點數: 116 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 林依仁
關 鍵 詞: 證交所主體公私合營事業公權力委託部分權利能力公營造物組織法
中文摘要: 隨著行政法律關係多樣化與行政任務履行方法的改變,行政組織的定性日益困難。本文以證券交易所為探討對象、參照德國法制,分析行政主體與其組織權行使的關聯性。交易場所在行政組織法上之定位,應從設立主體與被設之市場組織、經營責任與經營活動區分。傳統公權力委託限於少數單項權限之移轉,已不符合現實發展需要,從而主體委託之制度確立,正可提供規範證交所主體與組織間關係之範例。本文認為證交所須從兩個方向認識:證交所主體係指依法特許得設立開辦證券交易活動場所之人,對該公營造物性質之市場負有維持正常營運之法定義務,目前台灣證券交易所為一公私合營事業形態的國營事業。而證券交易所組織應定位於有部分權利能力之行政主體,就市場正常運作之範圍內得行使公權力。證交所與擬議中的控股方式,適足以說明公權力委託制度發展的新面貌。本文認為證券交易所為一行政組織法與經濟行政法的交錯地帶,亟待有識之士的開拓。
英文關鍵詞: Börsenträgerpublic-private joint managementthe delegation of the exercise of public authoritypartial legal capacityAnstaltsorganisationsrecht
英文摘要: Due to the diversity of administrative legal relationships and changes in the way in which administrative tasks are performed, it is getting harder to characterize administrative organizations. This article examines the Taiwan Stock Exchange to analyze the relevance of an administrative entity to its performance of the right to organization, taking the German legal system as a point of reference. The orientation of Taiwan Stock Exchange can be divided into two aspects: establishing the subject (entity) and the market organization to be established, and managing responsibility and managing activity. The traditional delegation of the exercise of public authority is limited to a few authorities to be transferred and it no longer accords with the demands of the developing reality. Thus, formation of the system of subject delegation can offer examples of regulating the relationship between the subject of the Taiwan Stock Exchange and its organization. This article argues that Taiwan Stock Exchange should be viewed from two perspectives. The subject (entity) of the Taiwan Stock Exchange which established a trading floor as prescribed by law has the legal responsibility to maintain the normal functioning of the market. At present the Taiwan Stock Exchange is a state-run business with public-private joint management. The Taiwan Stock Exchange should be orientated as an administrative entity with partial legal capacity and should exercise public authority within the scope of the normal functioning of the market.
The Taiwan Stock Exchange and its proposed way of holding can be explained as a new feature of the delegation of the exercise of public authority. The study concludes that the Taiwan Stock Exchange represents an overlap of the organic act of administration and economical administrative law and must be explored further.
目  次: 壹、問題意識
一、行政組織法律關係與證交所
二、從欣凱公司案談起
三、德國 1902 年「證交所之爭」的啟示
貳、公用事業之主體與組織
一、證券交易所的雙重意義
二、公用事業主體與組織之區辨
三、行政委託概念的變革
參、證交所主體之法律地位
一、證交法特許制度:他有公營造物
二、特許之法律效果
肆、證交所組織之法律形式
一、組織形式選擇之爭議
二、獨立性程度:部分權利能力
三、內部機關與任務權限之分配
伍、結論與展望
相關法條:
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相關論著:
林依仁,公權力委託制度的新發展-以臺灣證券交易所為例,國家發展研究,第 15 卷 第 1 期,47-93 頁,2015年12月。
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