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論著名稱:
民法第 972 條等規定未允許同性婚姻合憲性之探討(The Constitutionality of the Same-sex Marriage Bans under Article 972, 973, 980 of the Civil Code)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 蔡蕙芳
出版日期: 2015.11
刊登出處: 台灣/興大法學第 18 期/127-179 頁
頁  數: 34 點閱次數: 2050
下載點數: 136 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 蔡蕙芳
關 鍵 詞: 同性婚姻平等權合理的差別待遇性傾向歧視合理審查基準嚴格審查基準
中文摘要: 婚姻是家庭與社會的基礎,而傳統上之婚姻是以一男一女結合為其核心定義。然而,隨著社會快速變遷,如今社會中已存在各種共同生活型態。在此種社會背景下,同性伴侶應否與異性伴侶同等享有憲法上之婚姻與家庭制度之保障等問题,逐渐引起討論。
本文主要是從憲法平等權保護觀點審視現行民法第 972 條、第 973 條、第 980 條等規定是否因未允許同性婚姻而違憲。本文首先從傳統婚姻觀點、偷理價值或宗教信仰等觀點論證同性伴侶享有憲法第 22 條保障之結婚權。接著,本文從平等權觀點審查民法限制同性婚姻是否為合理的差別對待。由於無法達成正當或合法公共利益之實現,即使較低程度之「合理審查」基準都未能通過,更別提性傾向歧視案件所應適用較高程度之「嚴格審查」基準。因此,本文認為民法第 972 條、第 973 條、第 980 條等規定未能對同性伴侶提供婚姻制度,違反憲法第 7 條之平等保護原則而屬違憲。
英文關鍵詞: Same-Sex MarriageEqual ProtectionReasonable DiscriminationSex-Orientation DiscriminationRational Basis ReviewStrict Scrutiny Review
英文摘要: Marriage is the foundation of the family and society. It is well established that marriage is essentially the union of a man and woman. However, as the result of complex and changing social developments,1 there have been a wide variety of life unions. In response to these developments, marriage equality for same-sex couples has been much discussed in recent years.
This Paper aims to consider the constitutionality of the same-sex marriage bans under Article 972, 973, 980 of the Civil Code. This Article first recognizes same-sex couples have the fundamental right to marry contained in Article 22 of Constitution after considering the arguments from the view point of tradition, ethic and religion. Second, this Paper presents that the prohibition on same-sex marriages violates Article 7 of Constitution’s guarantee of equal protection be-cause of discrimination between opposite-sex couples and same-sex couples without the rational relation to a legitimate government interest, let alone the violation of the heightened standard applied to strict scrutiny review of sex-orientation discrimination cases. Therefore, this Paper concludes that the same-sex marriage bans under Article 972, 973, 980 of the Civil Code is unconstitutional.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、民法第 972 條等規定未允許同性婚姻與憲法第 7 條平等權審查
一、是否為涉及平等權保護案件
二、平等權之審查
(一)同性戀者是否擁有受到憲法保障締結同性婚姻之權利?
(二)差別對待是否違反平等權之保護規定?
參、結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
蔡蕙芳,民法第 972 條等規定未允許同性婚姻合憲性之探討,興大法學,第 18 期,127-179 頁,2015年11月。
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