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論著名稱:
論競爭法上對共同事業之規範-以美國、我國競爭法為中心(Joint Ventures Among the Scope of Competition Laws: A Focus on Competition Laws of the United States and Taiwan)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 吳盈德
出版日期: 2016.06
刊登出處: 台灣/中華國際法與超國界法評論第 12 卷 第 1 期/161-186 頁
頁  數: 26 點閱次數: 1036
下載點數: 104 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 吳盈德
關 鍵 詞: 共同事業企業競爭法反托拉斯法公平交易法
中文摘要: 共同事業是競爭者之間除合併協議外,在面對全球化的競爭市場,競爭且合作的策略聯盟關係,共同從事經濟活動而達成的合作協議。企業之間會基於不同可以帶來有利於競爭效果的原因而進行合營,例如,為了降低生產成本;為了獲得規模經濟效益;為了研發資源;或者為了進入新的市場等諸多原因。當然,企業也可能為了一些反競爭的原因而實施共同事業。例如,共同事業也有可能是為了減少主要競爭者之間的競爭;或者企業透過合資控制其他競爭者生產所必需的原料的供應。上述的行為,在美國競爭法的規範下,直接與競爭對手合作,更需要接受聯邦反托拉斯法的規範。當然,最基本的假設是消費者能從企業間的合作行為獲得益處,這些益處包括更低廉的價格、更優質的產品或服務、更多種類的商品或服務。而不是成為企業掩飾反競爭行為的方式。
從而,企業在從事合資行為的過程,除了重視競爭效率的實現外,也應減少違反反托拉斯法的可能性。本論文將介紹共同事業的定義、種類以及對競爭的影響,並以實際案例與法令剖析美國反托拉斯法對共同事業行為的規範,並對照我國公平交易法現有對於共同事業行為的規範,提出可能適用的方案。
英文關鍵詞: Joint VentureEnterprisesCompetition LawAntitrust LawFair Trade Act
英文摘要: A joint venture refers to a strategic alliance agreement with the exception of a merger agreement, in which two parties engage in a business enterprise amid competition and cooperation in a global market. Enterprises operate jointly based on several factors that benefit competitiveness, such as reduced cost of production, economy of scale, acquisition of R&D resources, entry to a new market, etc. It is evident that enterprises also engage in a joint venture due to anti-competitive practices. For example, through a joint venture, enterprises could reduce competition in a market, or control the supply of production materials to the detriment of competitors. According to the U.S. competition law, all practices mentioned above have to be regulated by the Federal Antitrust Law if enterprises intend to cooperate with their competitors. Rather than concealing the anti-competitive practices of enterprises, the most basic hypothesis in a joint venture is the cooperation of enterprises for the benefit of consumers in terms of more attractive pricing, better quality of products or services, and more diverse goods and services.
Therefore, in a joint venture, enterprises must prevent the possibility of violating the Antitrust Law in addition to emphasizing competitive efficiency. This article provides the definition and types of a joint venture as well as its influence on competition. It analyzes the Federal Antitrust Law on joint venture based on cases and laws, and proposes appropriate suggestions relevant to our Fair Trade Act on joint venture.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、共同事業之類型及分析
參、美國競爭法之相關法案
肆、我國公平交易法對共同事業之規範
伍、結論
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相關論著:
吳盈德,論競爭法上對共同事業之規範-以美國、我國競爭法為中心,中華國際法與超國界法評論,第 12 卷 第 1 期,161-186 頁,2016年06月。
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