法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 民國初年人事行政法制的形成與演變(1912~1928)(The Personnel Administration Legal System's Forming and Evolving in Early Republic of China (1912~1928))
編著譯者: 馮惠平
出版日期: 2017.01
刊登出處: 台灣/文官制度季刊第 9 卷 第 1 期 /25-60 頁
頁  數: 27 點閱次數: 1122
下載點數: 108 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 馮惠平
關 鍵 詞: 人事行政法制官制官規人事行政機關超前立法法教
中文摘要: 十九世紀末到二十世紀初期,「中國」,這個古老國家遭遇到前所未有的劇變。就國家法制而言,中華固有法系被歐陸法系所取代,其中人事行政法制也不例外地產生了重大變革,以應新局發展。然而,或許因研究領域之不同,抑或史料取得的不易,目前法界對於這段期間人事法制的文獻研究,付之闕如。因此,引發出本文研究的動機和興趣。研究過程中發現:有別於一般人的刻板印象,民國初年的法制史料豐富非凡,令人驚豔!據學者統計各類官制官規不下九百種,總體行政法令規章之數目更高達三千種以上。在這一座浩大而繁複的法制建設工程中,本文以「時間軸」為經,以「問題導向」為緯;涵蓋有關人事行政的組織法、作用法面向,嘗試探討各不同時空環境下的規範制度,以及其背後的司法實踐乃至人民的法意識。期使讀者瞭解我國人事行政法制的形成與演變,並在「不知來,視諸往」的回溯中,發掘珍貴的史實與前人的經驗,提供有關機關決策之參考。
英文關鍵詞: personnel administration legal systembureaucratic rulespersonnel administration institutesprospective legislationpremature Legislation
英文摘要: From the end of 19th Century to the beginning of 20th Century, China, the old country had encountered an unprecedented change on national legal system, meaning its traditional bureaucratic system was replaced by Civil Law from Europe, which unexceptionally triggered a significant change on its personnel administration legal system to face the new situation. However, relevant documentaries are rarely seen in current legal study probably because of the difficulty of collecting information about its history. This really becomes an initiative for us to explore. While investigating the legal system of the early Republic of China, we found something quite different from our past impression about the old system. And the most exciting is that there are actually tons of historical documentaries left. For instance, there were over 900 beaucratic rules on practice in that era, and this number could be summed up to over 3000 if other administrative orders or statutes were added. In an effort to introduce the forming and evolving of this system, we scheme this paper with arranging the problem-oriented events by time sequence, covering all the organic acts and regulatory acts under such a different space-time background. We hope this will finely explain how the people's consciousness on justice was performed at that time, and provide the readers better understanding about the forming and evolving of this old legal system, which could be greatly contributed to our government's decision making in the future.
目  次: 壹、引言
貳、臨時政府時期(1912 年 1 月~4 月)
一、組織法部分
(一)各部組織及權限
(二)人事行政機關組設及權限
(三)中央與地方行政機關定名
二、作用法部分
(一)文官考試令草案
(二)任官令草案及任狀式
(三)慎重銓選令及革清官稱令
(四)暫行給與令及俸表
參、北京政府時期(1912 年~1928 年)
一、組織法部分
(一)人事行政機關組設及權限
(二)懲戒委員會組設及權限
(三)平政院組設及權限
二、作用法部分
(一)官吏服務令
(二)文官保障法及文官懲戒法草案
(三)考試、任用及俸給規定
肆、綜合評析
一、人事行政機關命名
二、借鏡他國人事法制
三、分散式人事行政機關
四、超前立法與法教問題
五、從過渡到實踐
伍、結語
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