法學期刊
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論著名稱:
刑法上業務過失之理論與實務-以德國法為借鏡(Theories and Practices of Vocational Negligence in Criminal Law— a Comparison between the German and the Taiwanese Criminal Law)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 徐育安
出版日期: 2017.10
刊登出處: 台灣/東吳法律學報第 29 卷 第 2 期/39-69 頁
頁  數: 31 點閱次數: 2127
下載點數: 124 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 東吳大學 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 業務過失主要業務附隨業務特別義務行為人能力
中文摘要: 我國刑法就業務過失設有加重處罰規定,但是在學理上對於其基礎之見解卻相當分歧,以致對於業務過失規定之存廢難有共識,本文所擬探討之核心,即是重新思考業務加重的法理基礎為何,就此課題,國內文獻過去多參考日本學說之討論,雖已有相當之成果,但是,法理之爭並未因此獲得解消。本文試圖對於業務過失加重在德國法制上的發展作一耙梳與探討,因為,不論是我國還是日本,業務過失之立法皆源自於德國,而對此部分之研究正是我國文獻所欠缺者。本文考察德國從普魯士普通法以降,迄至 1940 年廢除之前,德國刑法對於業務過失加重規定的法理思考,是從業務執行者濫用其執業上的權限出發,加重處罰之理由在於,行為人除對於侵害疏於注意而有過失之外,此一疏失更是職務上義務之違反。本文以此為出發點,重新檢討業務過失規定之解釋與適用。
英文關鍵詞: vocational negligencemain businessincidental businessspecial obligationsbehavioral ability
英文摘要: Under the criminal law of Taiwan penalties of vocational negligence have been accumulative. Yet the academic debate on this issue has showed such stark differences that a consensus on whether vocational negligence should be abolished has not been reached. Scholars in Taiwan who have drawn upon the Japanese literature on this issue have cumulated some remarkable performances; however, they fail to offer an explanation grounded on the reasoning under the Germen Criminal Law. In this regard, this paper attempts to rethink the legal reasoning of the vocational negligence by drawing upon the reasoning of the Germen Criminal Law. Under the Germen Criminal Law, the crime of vocational negligence enacted can be traced back to the Prussian common law (Allgemeines Landrecht fur die Preusischen Staaten) and it had not been abolished until 1940. By reviewing theories and practices of vocational negligence under the German Criminal Law, this paper attempts to claim that vocational negligence should be reconsidere d whether a offender abuse his/her autonomy while he/she is on a duty. When an offender does a harm given a vocational negligence, this behavior should be seen as a violation of vocational obligations. Thus, this paper contends that based upon the review of the Germen Criminal Law the implication of vocational negligence should be examined closely.
目  次: 壹、序言
貳、我國業務過失概念之現況
  一、業務概念之疑義
  (一)業務或業務行為?
  (二)業務之危險性?
  二、業務加重之法理基礎
  (一)特別注意義務說
  (二)違法性重大說
  (三)罪責重大說
  (四)實務意見
  (五)否定說
  三、分析與檢討
  (一)正反意見的爭議分析
  (二)業務過失與重大過失
參、業務過失在實務上之適用
  一、主要業務之範圍
  二、附隨業務之範圍
  三、分析與檢討
  (一)不限行為目的?
  (二)附隨業務之疑義
  (三)特別注意義務之基礎與問題
肆、業務過失在德國法的轉變
  一、立法理由與實務適用
  (一)立法背景與法制嬗遞
  (二)法理基礎之檢討
  (三)實務適用及其疑義
  二、立法之檢討與變革
伍、業務加重規定之再檢討
  一、業務過失之法理基礎
  (一)個別化理論?
  (二)業務過失法理基礎之今昔
  二、業務過失規定之適用建議-代結語
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
徐育安,刑法上業務過失之理論與實務-以德國法為借鏡,東吳法律學報,第 29 卷 第 2 期,39-69 頁,2017年10月。
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