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論著名稱:
從公法人理論與實踐發展觀察部落公法人
文獻引用
編著譯者: 王韻茹
出版日期: 2018.06
刊登出處: 台灣/成大法學第 35 期/1-33 頁
頁  數: 18 點閱次數: 1447
下載點數: 72 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 王韻茹
關 鍵 詞: 部落公法人公法人行政法人原住民族集體權原住民族自治自治行政
中文摘要: 原住民族基本法第二條之一規定,經原住民族委員會核定之部落為公法人。據此,我國行政組織法上將再增添公法人之實踐。行政組織法學理上向來不缺乏對於公法人的討論,惟立法實務上對此類型組織始終相當遲疑。在通過行政法人法之後,實務上出現越來越多的行政機關法人化的實踐。本文欲從理論與實務發展探討,部落公法人與公法人概念的關連性,以及此類公法人與既存的公法人類型的異同為何。從部落公法人立法資料觀察,此一立法似乎以「重建部落傳統組織、準備原住民族自治以及原住民族集體權利行使」為目的,而選擇以「公法人」組織形式作為達成上述目的。就此而言,部落公法人的設置似為部落自治的過渡形式或者協助達成自治之目的的中間組織,目前法制規劃是 否有助於此一目的達成,有待進一步探討。
英文關鍵詞: tribal public juristic personpublic juristic personnon-departmental public bodyindigenous peoplecollective rightsself-governance of indigenous peopleautonomous administration
英文摘要: Article 2-1 of the Indigenous Peoples Basic Law in Taiwan states that a tribe ratified by the Council of Indigenous Peoples shall be regarded as a public juristic person; this enactment signifies another successful implementation of public juristic person on the basis of Administrative Organization Law. It is not scarce for academia discussions on public judicial person in Administrative Organization Law; however, the legislative is generally hesitant about passing the relevant legislations in favor of this type of organization. The number of incorporated administrative agencies progressively increased after 2011, when the Non-Departmental Public Bodies Act was passed. From the perspectives of theory and practice, this study examined the relationship between the concept of tribal public juristic persons and other types of public juristic persons and explored the differences between them. The enactment of legislation on tribal public juristic persons emphasizes "re-establishment of indigenous traditional organizations, preparation for self-governance of indigenous people,, and the exercise of tribal collective rights," and legislators have chosen to attain these goals through the development of public juristic persons. The tribal public juristic persons established appear to be a transitional entity toward tribal self-governance or an intermediate organization for assisting the implementation of self-governance. Whether the planning and design of current legislation facilitate the realization of the goals aforementioned awaits further investigation.
目  次: 壹、問題緣起
貳、行政組織法中的公法人
一、公法人的概念、類型與功能
二、公法領域中的自治與自治行政
三、原住民族自治意義的不同理解
參、部落公法人的地位與功能
一、部落公法人的設立與組織權
二、部落作為集體權利主體與承擔公共任務
三、部落公法人的法律監督
肆、部落公法人法制建構的幾點思考
一、原住民族自治集體權的憲法保障
二、部落公法人作為原住民族自治權實現的媒介組織
三、治理概念作為分析部落公法人法制結構的方法
伍、結論
附錄一 部落權利行使相關的法規整理
相關法條:
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相關論著:
王韻茹,從公法人理論與實踐發展觀察部落公法人,成大法學,第 35 期,1-33 頁,2018年06月。
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