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論著名稱:
債務不履行中無益費用支出之賠償-以德國法為中心
文獻引用
編著譯者: 葉新民
出版日期: 2018.12
刊登出處: 台灣/靜宜法學第 7 期/295-360 頁
頁  數: 66 點閱次數: 1539
下載點數: 264 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 葉新民
關 鍵 詞: 無益費用損害賠償履行利益信賴利益積極利益消極利益徒然白費理論德國民法第 284 條
中文摘要: 所謂無益費用支出係肇因於債權人對債務人將為給付之信賴而來,後又因債務人不履行其給付義務而失其意義(亦即徒然白費),然而,債權人請求賠償無益費用支出原屬消極利益的賠償,但債務不履行的損害賠償卻以履行利益為其法律效果,因此在適用上即有欠缺因果關係的問題。此類案件在我國實務上亦有發生,但法學界與實務界卻鮮少意識到此問題的存在,主要原因仍是此一賠償方式非傳統損害賠償理論所能解決。
與之相較,德國法對此問題的探討已有百年以上的歷史,學說與實務見解百家爭鳴,但卻莫衷一是,最終於 2002 年德國債法修正案中以立法方式解決此問題,惟學說對新增定的德國民法第 284 條依舊爭議不斷,其原因仍在於其法律性質的認定無法取得共識。本文的主要目的即在探討德國債法修正前後有關無益費用賠償的問題,並以之為本探討我國法上繼受的可能性。
英文關鍵詞: frustrated expensescompensation for damageperformance interestreliance interestpositive interestnegative interesttheory of frustration§ 284 BGB
英文摘要: The so-called frustrated expense is a matter of reliance. The creditor is willing to pay such expenses because he trusts that the debtor will perform his obligations of the contract. This payment of expenses will become meaningless (frustrated) when the debtor breaches the contract. In this case the creditor can claim for compensation of damage of positive interest according to the civil code of Taiwan. However, the nature of this damage caused by frustrated expenses refers to the restitution of the negative interest. Due to a lack of causality the relating regulation of civil code cannot be applied here. The jurisprudence and the legal praxis in Taiwan are rarely aware of this problem so far. The reason is that the traditional theories of damage cannot provide the solution to this problem.
In contrast, since more than one hundred years this issue has been steady discussed in Germany, but a consensus could not be reached. In 2002 the German obligation law was amended to solve this problem. Since then debates around this new regulation of § 284 BGB are still ongoing. This essay is focused on the legal problems of frustrated expenses before and after the amendment of BGB in Germany. Based on this research the possibility to receive the German law in Taiwan will be under study.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、德國法對無益費用賠償處理方式的歷史演進
一、信賴利益概念之創設
(一)Friedrich Mommsen 的差額理論
(二)由消極利益到信賴利益
二、無益費用之賠償—德國帝國法院的見解
三、無法適用獲利推定的情形—非以獲利為目的之契約
(一)德國實務的見解
(二)德國學說的論述
四、德國債法修正後的新規定—德國民法第 284 條
(一)立法目的
(二)新規範的基本問題
(三)新規範的構成要件
(四)新規範的法律效果
參、我國繼受德國法上無益費用之賠償的可行性
一、以獲利推定為基礎之履行利益損害賠償
二、非以獲利為目的之契約的適用
(一)法律政策的考量
(二)信賴保護說
(三)先契約義務違反說
(四)債務人為給付之承諾的效力
(五)以徒然白費理論為基礎的損害概念
肆、結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
葉新民,債務不履行中無益費用支出之賠償-以德國法為中心,靜宜法學,第 7 期,295-360 頁,2018年12月。
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