法學期刊
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論著名稱:
我國企業公司治理之挑戰與展望-以董事提名制度問題為例(The Challenge and Future of Corporate Governance in Taiwan: Taking the Directors’ Nomination as an Example)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 陳盈如
出版日期: 2019.12
刊登出處: 台灣/財金法學研究第 2 卷 第 4 期/551-592 頁
頁  數: 42 點閱次數: 967
下載點數: 168 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 陳盈如
關 鍵 詞: 董事提名公司治理經營權爭奪提名委員會獨立董事
中文摘要: 股東之董事提名權至關重要,各種公司治理準則皆強力提倡股東應有提名董事之權利。我國於二○○五年已在公司法制訂董事候選人提名制度,並從二○二一年起將強制所有上市櫃公司採候選人提名制,對於我國公司治理發展中促進股東行動主義部分,有助與國際接軌。惟我國因為過去實務上,公司在發生經營權爭奪時,現任董事會在審查股東提名候選人資料後,常以所檢附相關證明文件不齊全,取消其候選人資格,不將該被提名人列入董事候選名單中,因而引發對於董事審查股東提名候選人資格權限之問題。因此,二○一八年公司法修正後,不再要求提名股東檢附相關資料,而改為敘明。惟在我國目前制度下,對股東提名資格之限制較低,新修正之公司法進一步限制現任董事會審核之權力,經營權爭奪將更趨激烈,將使管理階層與現任董事從公司經營上分心。在專業化時代,董事會之組成應該從公司所需之各種能力與特性出發,如何強化被提名候選人之適合性應為我國目前應更加努力之方向。本文將從我國董事提名制度出發,探討我國二○一八年公司法修正前後之相關爭議,並以美國法律規範與實務操作,探討股東之董事提名權之範圍以及實務上面臨之問題,並進一步介紹提名委員會與董事提名審查權,以提供我國將來董事提名制度更加完善之方向。
英文關鍵詞: Director NominationCorporate GovernanceContested ElectionNomination CommitteeIndependent Director
英文摘要: The nomination of directors is essential to shareholders’ rights, and various corporate governance standards strongly encourage shareholders to have the right to nominate directors. In 2005, Taiwan included the right of nomination of directors in the Company Act, which states that all publicly listed companies are required to adopt candidate nominations for the election of directors and supervisors as of 2021. This will help to promote shareholder activism in Taiwan’s corporate governance development. However, because of past practices in Taiwan, during which the contested elections had occurred, the current board of directors, after reviewing the candidates’ information which was provided by the nominating shareholders, had occasionally rejected the candidates with the excuse that there were incomplete supporting documents, and therefore, raising the issue of whether the directors should have the right to review the qualifications of candidates for nominations. After the amendment of the Company Act in 2018, nominating shareholders are no longer required to attach relevant information, but instead are required to only provide a description. Nevertheless, under the current law, the requirements to nominate a shareholder are relatively low, and the amended Company Act further restricts the power of the current board of directors to review the qualifications of director candidates. The contested election will become more intense due to the amendment above, which will distract management and the current directors from the company's operations. In the era of professionalization, the composition of the board of directors should include various capabilities and characteristics required by the company. A vision for determining how to strengthen the suitability of the nominated candidates should be the direction that Taiwan should work with. This article will start from the nomination of directors in Taiwan, discuss the relevant issues before and after the amendment of the Company Act in 2018, and continue with an analysis of the US laws and practices to explore the scope of the nomination rights of the directors of the shareholders and the problems faced in practice. This article will also introduce the nomination committee and the right of the board to review the qualifications of candidates to provide an improved direction for the future nomination of directors in Taiwan.
目  次: 壹、公司治理之目的
貳、董事提名制度
參、結論-對我國董事提名制度之建議
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
陳盈如,我國企業公司治理之挑戰與展望-以董事提名制度問題為例,財金法學研究,第 2 卷 第 4 期,551-592 頁,2019年12月。
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