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論著名稱:
都市計畫容積率變更的財產權保障:以信賴保護的操作為核心
文獻引用
編著譯者: 辛年豐
出版日期: 2018.12
刊登出處: 台灣/玄奘法律學報第 30 期/53-81 頁
頁  數: 18 點閱次數: 1089
下載點數: 72 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 辛年豐
關 鍵 詞: 都市計畫變更都市計畫協議書容積率財產權信賴保護原則計畫裁量權回饋
中文摘要: 都市計畫為當代都市空間治理相當重要的手段,當中容積率的管制涉及建築物可以興建的樓地板面積,對土地所有權人的土地使用強度具有關鍵性的影響。在實際運作下,土地所有權人為了可以取得更高的容積率,往往透過協議的方式,以回饋的方式取得容積率,此一協議機制的運用後來也透過立法於都市計畫法中予以法制化,然法制化前所為的協議具有何等效力?協議後將容積率明定於都市計畫後,於都市計畫變更時是否可以恣意對人民既已取得的容積做變更?此等問題都是有待釐清者。本文透過對臺灣及日本文獻的爬梳及整理,並做理論上的辯證,發現容積率透過都市計畫程序審議完成公告後,即對人民具有財產權的性質,而應該在後續都市計畫變更時給予尊重,尤其人民如先前透過協議取得的容積,無論法制化前後,只要協議並完成回饋者更應該對容積的取得有更強的保障。本此,當後續都市計畫變更時,主管機關應該對所要追求的公益負有說理義務,並履踐程序參與的正當法律程序,並在不違反信賴保護原則的前提下做變更,在此同時,當產生糾紛時,法院也應該對此等程序面的要求嚴密介入並從事司法審查。
英文關鍵詞: The Modification of Urban PlanningUrban Planning AgreementFloor Area RatioProperty RightThe Principle of Reliance ProtectionPlanning DiscretionBetterment Levy
英文摘要: Urban planning is an important method for space governance in contemporary. In this legal system, the regulation of floor area ratio involve the floor area when people construct a building. This regulation issue has a critical influence for the strength of land use. In practice, in order to get more floor area ratio, land owners often negotiate with local governments, and provide betterment levy to governments. This negotiation system also is ruled in Urban Planning Act. However, these negotiation conclusions which be formulated before legalization have what kind of legal effective? Especially when the floor area ratio has been regulated in urban planning after negotiation between citizens and local governments, can local governments modify the floor area ratio without the consents of citizens? All of these questions are this article need to clarify. This article organizes files from Taiwan and Japan, and accept dialectic from several legal theories, finds the nature of floor area ratio is property right when the urban planning review procedure has been finished and announced. We should respect these conclusions when urban planning has necessary to modify detail plans in the future. In particular, when citizen get the floor area ratio through negotiation procedures and supply betterment levy for local governments, we should pay stronger protection to these situation,regardless the negotiations are finished before the legalization of urban planning agreement or not. Therefore, the competent authorities of local government have arbitration obligation in "public goods" of urban planning modification, also, need to fulfill the requirement of public participation in Due Process of Law. Besides, any urban planning modification conclusions cannot violate the Principle of Reliance Protection. Once the urban planning modification happen dispute, the courts should accept "hard look" standard to do judicial review in the issues of administrative process when courts involve each cases.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、法制建立前回饋取得容積率的效力
一、回饋協議與計畫作成
二、法制化前回饋協議於法制化後的效力
參、都市計畫變更容積率的信賴保護
一、都市計畫的定性
(一)通盤檢討變更
(二)個案變更
二、都市計畫變更的信賴保護原則適用
(一)運用於都市計畫變更的信賴保護原則
(二)都市計畫容積率調整與信賴保護原則適用的限縮
肆、當法院遇上都市計畫容積率的變更
伍、結語
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
辛年豐,都市計畫容積率變更的財產權保障:以信賴保護的操作為核心,玄奘法律學報,第 30 期,53-81 頁,2018年12月。
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