法學期刊
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論著名稱:
臺灣獨立機關與行政法人定位與職權之法制設計(The Legislation Design on the Status and Function for Independent Executive and Administrative Corporation in Taiwan)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 紀和均
出版日期: 2020.02
刊登出處: 台灣/銘傳大學法學論叢第 32 期/69-129 頁
頁  數: 61 點閱次數: 777
下載點數: 244 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 銘傳大學法律學院 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 獨立機關行政法人組織法制良善立法
中文摘要: 本研究係基於近十年來,行政院所轄獨立機關與相關行政法人在運作上衍生個案處理的重大爭議,學術界宜有所思考,如何健全各該獨立機關和行政法人的組織法制,以促進獨立機關和行政法人有名實相符的組織定位,並且有效行使法定的組織職權。是以本研究係針對現已制定的獨立機關與行政法人組織法律,分析各該組織法制與政府擬進行政府組織改造時所訂頒的建制原則,以及經由立法所制定的通則性組織立法之比較,如:中央行政機關組織基準法、行政法人法進行比較。比較分為法規(政策)環境影響評估、現行法制規定和執行等二階段之評析。隨之,研擬健全獨立機關和行政法人的組織法制的修正取向,以供政府未來進行修法之參考。本研究的結論在於,現行獨立機關的獨立性,受到政治部門嚴重的擠壓,使獨立行使職權的空間大為縮小,獨立性不足,恐危及獨立機關存在的合法正當性,必須在法制面上給予加強;至於行政法人部分,行政法人係繼受於英美等國「政署理論」(Theory of Agency),但其特別之處在於,我國實務與學說不採取英美等國的見解,將獨立機關列為政署之一種;反之,行政法人可謂是我國政署理論本土化的最新例證。
英文關鍵詞: Independent ExecutiveAdministrative CorporationOrganizational LegislationGood Legislation
英文摘要: This paper is written to analyze legislation about independent executives and administrative corporations in Taiwan. There were many disputable events during they were operated specific cases for independent executives and administrative corporations in the past. We had compared different aspects between structural principle and organizational legislation, then we will draft a rational guidance or framework of legislation for two new organizations. We had discovered moreover many good legislations for administrative corporation, but there is an notable trouble with autonomous finance for many administrative corporations at present. The control ministry ought to design a correctly strategic plan forever that conducts administrative corporations. This paper is written a conclusion that not only independent executive needs a good organizational legislation, but also administrative corporation need a stability of financial resources. The theory of agency in the Anglo-Americans countries involves usually the model of the independent executives, nevertheless, Taiwanese government seems to distinguish between two innovative organizations, the independent executives carries out mainly the regulation and the protection of fundamental rights, on the contrary, the administrative corporation focuses on efficiency enhanced.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、臺灣設立獨立機關與行政法人之法制環境
一、獨立機關
二、行政法人法
參、臺灣獨立機關之定位問題與法制檢視
一、常設機關
二、臨時機關
肆、臺灣行政法人之定位問題與法制檢視
一、文化類行政法人
二、科技類行政法人
伍、健全臺灣獨立機關與行政法人定位與職權之法制再設計
一、獨立機關法制
二、行政法人法制
陸、結語
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相關論著:
紀和均,臺灣獨立機關與行政法人定位與職權之法制設計,銘傳大學法學論叢,第 32 期,69-129 頁,2020年02月。
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