法學期刊
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論著名稱:
禁止酷刑公約國際標準之探討(A Probe into the International Standards with Respect to the Convention Against Torture)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 鄧衍森
出版日期: 2020.01
刊登出處: 台灣/法學叢刊第 65 卷 第 1 期/19-50 頁
頁  數: 32 點閱次數: 757
下載點數: 128 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 法學叢刊雜誌社
關 鍵 詞: 酷刑虐待強行法不遣返原則單獨監禁隔離監禁強迫失蹤
中文摘要: 禁止酷刑已獲公認為具有強行法效力之習慣國際法。酷刑是任何文明社會不能容忍其存在與發生的現象,國家有絕對義務防止酷刑的發生,處罰施加酷刑的任何人,並使受害人獲得必要的補救與賠償。要有效打擊與禁止酷刑的發生,首先要有符合本公約定義的酷刑罪立法,刑度要以酷刑為重罪加以處罰,沒有任何理由可以豁免酷刑的違法性。因此,赦免或其他妨礙或顯示國家無意願對於酷刑或虐待行為人起訴與處罰已構成不可減免原則之絕對義務的違反。
除了國內法化禁止酷刑公約及其議定書之條約義務外,所有源自其他國際文件,例如軟法(Soft Law)所包含的國際標準,都是禁止酷刑義務應包含的成分。國家必須透過立法、行政、司法與其他措施有效防止酷刑的發生。
英文關鍵詞: TortureIll-TreatmentJus CogensNon-RefoulementSolitary ConfinementIncommunicado DetentionForced Disappearance
英文摘要: The prevention against torture has been universally recognised as part of customary international rules with peremptory effect. Torture should not be allowed or existed in any civilized societies. States are under an absolute obligation to prevent torture, to punish any person who commits torture and to make appropriate remedy and reparation to the victim. In order to effectively fight against and prevent the occurrence of torture, States are urged to criminalize the act of torture in compliance with the definition of torture provided in Article 1 of the Convention against Torture.
The nature of the crime of torture should be treated as felony and punished to that effect. In this connection, amnesties or other impediments which preclude or indicate unwillingness to provide prompt and fair prosecution and punishment of perpetrators of torture violate the principle of non-derogability.
Further to the transposition of the obligation under the Convention against Torture and its optional Protocol into our domestic legal system, those international standards contained in international instruments, even without any legal binding force, namely the soft law, are to be considered as part of the obligations. State is obliged to take actions that will reinforce the prohibition against torture through legislative, administrative, judicial, or other actions that must, in the end, be effective in preventing it.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、酷刑與其他虐待行為之概念分析
參、公約實質義務之類型
肆、結論
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相關論著:
鄧衍森,禁止酷刑公約國際標準之探討,法學叢刊,第 65 卷 第 1 期,19-50 頁,2020年01月。
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