法學期刊
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論著名稱:
轉型正義特種基金推動之困境與改正(The Promotion of Transitional Justice Special Fund: Dilemma and Reform)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 羅承宗
出版日期: 2019.12
刊登出處: 台灣/科技法律評析第 11 期/1-21 頁
頁  數: 20 點閱次數: 479
下載點數: 80 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 羅承宗
關 鍵 詞: 黨產黨產條例促轉條例轉型正義基金專款專用
中文摘要: 促轉條例第 7 條第 1 項規定,為落實自由民主憲政秩序、促成政黨公平競爭,自 1945 年 8 月 15 日起取得之不當黨產,除可明確認定其原屬之所有權人或其繼承人外,應移轉為國家所有,並由中央成立特種基金,作為推動轉型正義、人權教育、長期照顧、社會福利政策及轉型正義相關文化事務之用。此一轉型正義基金,從收支兩面簡單來說就是「專款專用」,亦即立法者試圖以不當黨產收入,充為轉型正義相關事務之用。只不過,促轉條例自 2017 年 12 月公布施行已逾 2 年,然而轉型正義基金,迄今卻仍遲遲無法成立,陷入難航困境。本文主張,只要改正促轉條例第 7 條,將政府依預算程序所撥充的財源亦列為基金法定收入之一,轉型正義基金財源適足性不足的困境,當可迎刃而解。
英文關鍵詞: Ill-Gotten PartyAct on Promoting Transitional JusticeThe Act Governing the Settlement Of Ill-Gotten Properties By Political Parties and Their Affiliate OrganizationsTransitional Justice Special FundExclusively Used
英文摘要: According to Article 7 of Act on Promoting Transitional Justice, in order to promote a liberal democratic constitutional order and foster fair competition among political parties, ill-gotten party assets obtained on or after 15 August 1945 shall, unless it is possible to confirm the original owner or the heir(s) thereof, be transferred to state ownership and used by a special fund established by the central government to promote transitional justice, human rights education, long-term care, social welfare policies, and transitional-justice-related cultural matters. Generally speaking, the lawmakers plan to use transferred ill-gotten party assets on transitional justice relared matters. Unfortunately, Transitional Justice Special Fund have not be able to set up until now. In ths essay, I will try to introduce the related legal problems and to suggest Article 7 of Act on Promoting Transitional Justice shall be amended.
目  次: 壹、問題提出
貳、黨產條例與促轉條例立法過程中的衝突與緩和
一、2016 年上旬兩個轉型正義法案的衝突
二、原住民轉型正義爭議導致黨產條例先行
參、不當黨產處理運用:從統收統支到專款專用
肆、困境由來與轉型正義基金改正
一、困境由來:「討黨產,五好康」的收支連結構想
二、轉型正義基金改革的改正
伍、結語
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
羅承宗,轉型正義特種基金推動之困境與改正,科技法律評析,第 11 期,1-21 頁,2019年12月。
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