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論著名稱: 論罷工事件之定暫時狀態處分(On Preliminary Injunction aganist Strike in Taiwan)
編著譯者: 邱羽凡
出版日期: 2020.03
刊登出處: 台灣/中研院法學期刊第 26 期 /167-239 頁
頁  數: 49 點閱次數: 1087
下載點數: 196 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 邱羽凡
關 鍵 詞: 定暫時狀態處分集體勞動權罷工對抗行為被保全之權利保全必要性
中文摘要: 罷工為勞資雙方的實力對決;勞方得發動罷工以貫徹其主張,雇主則得以被動之對抗行為為防禦與反制。然過去卻多見雇主以不當勞動行為之方式對抗參與罷工之勞工,近年來則有運用定暫時狀態處分以禁止罷工之發展。由於其牽涉到罷工權之限制,產生雇主之訴訟權與勞方之罷工權的衝突與調和之問題。定暫時狀態處分制度具有防止發生重大損害或避免急迫危險等情形之功能,在罷工中則有補充雇主自力救濟(對抗行為)之作用。然因對罷工為禁止或限制時,將對罷工權造成不可回復與無法彌補之損害,具有滿足性與終局性之特徵,故本文探討定暫時狀態制度在罷工事件中之適用,認為在兼顧勞資雙方之利益下,雖不應排除雇主運用定暫時狀態處分之權利,但同時應嚴格限制僅於罷工有「明顯違法」情事,並致雇主有遭受重大損害或避免急迫危險等情形,始得為定暫時狀態之處分。
英文關鍵詞: preliminary injunctionfreedom of associationstrikecountermeasuresinjunction claimthe need for protection
英文摘要: Strike is a confrontation of power between labor and employer. Whereas laborers can initiate dispute activity to pursue their causes, employers can resist or counteract strike in a passive manner. In the past, employers often retaliated against individual laborers for participating in strikes, but in recent years, some employers have resorted to the rise of the preliminary injunction to prevent strike. Since the issuance of preliminary injunction would enjoin laborers from exercising their rights to strike, it presents a conflict between the employers’ litigation right and the laborers’ rights to dispute. Under Article 538 of the Code of Civil Procedure in Taiwan, preliminary injunction serves to prevent material harm or imminent danger. In the case of strike, it can also serve as an employer’s countermeasure in preventing illegal disputes. But since the strike-forbidding or strike limiting injunction would cause irreparable harm to the laborers’ right to dispute, this article argues that only if a strike is clearly illegal and would cause material harm or imminent danger should the court grant a preliminary injunction.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、定暫時狀態處分制度於罷工事件之適用
一、定暫時狀態處分制度程序於罷工事件上之機能
二、罷工事件為定暫時狀態處分之特徵
三、禁止與限制罷工事件處分之合法性
參、定暫時狀態處分規範於罷工事件之適用
一、定暫時狀態處分之要件
二、罷工違法性與定暫時狀態處分要件之釋明
三、罷工事件之保全必要性衡量
四、保全之方式
肆、結論
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