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論著名稱:
地方自治體人權保障組織之運作與困境-以台北市人權保障諮詢委員會為對象(The Operation and Dilemma of the Local Autonomy Human Right Committee - Case Study of Taipei City Advisory Commission on Human Rights)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 羅承宗
出版日期: 2017.12
刊登出處: 台灣/華岡法粹第 63 期/1-29 頁
頁  數: 28 點閱次數: 470
下載點數: 112 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 羅承宗
關 鍵 詞: 國家人權委員會巴黎原則人權城市地方自治體地方復權人權法台北市人權保障諮詢委員會監察使人權的通貨膨脹人權教育
中文摘要: 台灣迄 2000 年以來,無論政權如何更迭,「人權立國」已漸為政府強調的重要施政理念。其中有關中央政府應否、如何設置「國家人權委員會」作為專責人權組織部分,學界已累積相當研究成果,但在現實上仍待立法實現。至於在國家層級外,地方自治體亦可做為維護人性尊嚴、推動保障人權、宣導及教育人權法治觀念的單位。尤其,隨著「地方復權」時代來臨,重新建構中央與地方關係,透過地方自治體保障基本人權,已是世界民主諸國之要務。
北市府曾在 2004 年 8 月首創「臺北市人權保障諮詢委員會」,用以審視各機關推行業務落實人權保障的要求。惟至 2015 年 7 月,北市府將其設置要點停止適用,運作 11 年的北市人權諮詢委員會就此正式告終。此一開創全國風氣之先的地方人權保障組織,成立之際頗受各界矚目。然而 11 年的北市人權諮詢委員會走入歷史,可謂我國在摸索地方人權保障組織的一個挫敗。該會究竟如何運作?遭遇到什麼困難?可從中汲取什麼經驗?不無探討的價值。爰此,本文首先將就該會的成立、運作狀況進行鳥瞰式介述,並分析其運作上曾討論的重要議題與面臨的若干困境。最後並就我國人權保障組織未來發展方向,提出建言。
英文關鍵詞: National Human Rights CommissionParis PrinciplesHuman Rights CityLocal AutonomyLocal empowermentHuman Right LawHuman Rights Protection Advisory Committee of Taipei CityOmbudsmanHuman Rights InflationHuman rights education
英文摘要: Since 2000, no matter which political party rules, “A nation founded upon the principles of human rights” has consistently been the most important concept of governance. Although Taiwan has accumulated a considerable amount of research, the required legislative instrument is not yet in force for central government to set up a national human rights commission as a part of the dedicated human rights organization. However, outside of the governments, the local self-government can still act as a mechanism to maintain human dignity, to promote and assure human right, and to propagate and educate human rights laws. Particularly, with the arrival of the “local empowerment” era, how to re-construct the relationship between the central and local governments to protect basic human rights through local self-government has become a major task for all democratic countries around the world.
Taipei City Government launched the “Human Rights Protection Advisory Committee of Taipei City” in August 2004 to examine and supervise various institutions' implementation of human rights protection. However, in July 2015, City Government ceased to apply the “Directions for the Establishment of Human Rights Protection Advisory Committee of Taipei City”, and the 11-year operation of the Committee formally ended. This Committee was the first local human rights protection organization and caught much attention when it was first established. Accordingly, Committee's degenerating and going down in history is seen as a big failure in regards to Taiwan's attempt to explore the organization for human right protection.
How should this committee work? What were the difficulties it encountered? What lessons can we learn from its failure? All of these questions are worth discussing. Therefore, this article will first give a general description of the establishment and operation of the committee, and then it will analyze the important issues as discussed and the dilemmas it faced. Finally, this article will give recommendations to the development of human right protection organization in the future.
目  次: 壹、緣起
貳、委員會基本架構與會議召開狀況
一、基本架構與分析
二、歷次會議召開狀況
三、會議進行流程、紀錄方式與討論議題
參、「人權保障自治條例草案」與「具體個案」的探討
一、臺北市人權保障自治條例草案
二、具體人員個案
(一)蔡○橖復職案
(二)黃○俊復職案
(三)蕭○玲解聘案
肆、困境與分析
一、立法未遂的人權自治條例
二、「通貨膨脹化」的人權業務報告
三、立場分歧的個案處理爭議
伍、結論
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相關論著:
羅承宗,地方自治體人權保障組織之運作與困境-以台北市人權保障諮詢委員會為對象,華岡法粹,第 63 期,1-29 頁,2017年12月。
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