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論著名稱: 勞工出勤紀錄與加班事實之證明-兼論勞動事件法相關規範之影響(Disputes on Worker Attendance Records and Overtime Verification Fact: A Concurrent Analysis of Impact of Relevant Regulations in the Labor Incident Act)
編著譯者: 邱羽凡
出版日期: 2019.10
刊登出處: 台灣/國立中正大學法學集刊第 65 期 /163-213 頁
頁  數: 51 點閱次數: 323
下載點數: 204 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 中正大學法律學系 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 勞動事件法工作時間舉證責任出勤紀錄加班費文書提出義務事案解明義務證明妨礙真實擬制自由心證
中文摘要: 加班費為我國近年來勞資爭議之重要問題,對此勞動基準法第三十條第五項雖已明文規定雇主具有備置及保存出勤紀錄五年之義務,然實務上當勞工以原告地位向被告雇主請求給付加班費時,在加班事實之舉證責任上,迭生雇主未依法提出勞工出勤紀錄時的事實認定爭議,是故本文首先說明勞動基準法所規定雇主出勤紀錄備置義務以及記錄方式,結合民事訴訟法關於舉證責任之規定,以釐清在加班事實上之舉證責任與減輕的問題,並歸納出雇主無正當理由未提出文書時,其於證明妨礙上之法律效果,並以民事訴訟法第三四五條第一項以及於 2020 年 1 月 1 日開始施行之勞動事件法第三十六條,說明構成證明妨礙時之法律效果。最後關於勞工出勤紀錄之證明效力,以勞動事件法第三十八條之規範,綜合分析與解釋勞工出勤紀錄與加班認定之爭議。
英文關鍵詞: Labor Incident ActWork HoursBurden of ProofAttendance RecordsOvertime PayDocument Disclosure ObligationDuty to Provide InformationSpoliation of EvidenceLegal FictionFree Evaluation of Evidence
英文摘要: Overtime pay is an important issue of labor disputes in recent years. In this regard, Article 30, Paragraph 5 of the Labor Standards Act stipulates that "employers shall prepare and keep worker attendance records for five years." However, in the case of the overtime pay litigation when labors demand their employers for the overtime pay when disputes occur, it appears that the employers often fail to meet the burden of proof of providing actual workers attendance records regarding the overtime work by law. Thus, this article first explains employers' obligations and methods of preparing workers' attendance records as stipulated in the Labor Standards Law and then combine the provisions of the Civil Procedure Code on the burden of proof to clarify the burden of proof and mitigation of overtime work. Secondly, the article summarizes the legal effects when the employers fail to provide documents without justifiable reasons. Furthermore, this article combines the Article 345, Paragraph 1 of the Civil Procedure Code and Article 36 of the Labor Incident Act which was enacted in January 2020 to explain the legal effect of spoliation of evidence. Finally, the validity of workers' attendance records and overtime verification facts are comprehensively analyzed and interpreted in accordance with Article 38 of the Labor Incident Act.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、勞工出勤紀錄備置之規範
  一、出勤紀錄備置之義務
  (一)出勤紀錄與工作時間
  (二)備置出勤紀錄之意義
  二、出勤紀錄備置之年限
  三、備置出勤紀錄之方式
參、加班(費)爭議之舉證責任與減輕
  一、加班事實之舉證責任分配
  二、雇主提出勞工出勤紀錄之義務
  (一)民訴法第三四三條與第三四四條之規範
  (二)逾勞基法所訂保存年限之出勤紀錄提出義務
  三、未提出文書時之證明妨礙法律效果
  (一)勞動事件法第三十六條第一項至第四項之規範
  (二)舉證責任之減輕與轉換
肆、出勤紀錄與加班事實之證明
  一、出勤紀錄之證明效力
  (一)出勤紀錄推定為工作時間
  (二)應證明出勤紀錄期間有提供勞務事實
  (三)分析
  二、勞動事件法第三十八條規範之影響
伍、結論
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