法學期刊
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論著名稱: 精神病人的強制醫療與優惠待遇(The Compulsory Medical Treatments and Special Support Welfare Measurements for Mental Disorder Patients)
編著譯者: 蔡達智
出版日期: 2020.07
刊登出處: 台灣/法學叢刊第 65 卷 第 3 期 /57-91 頁
頁  數: 35 點閱次數: 509
下載點數: 140 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 蔡達智
關 鍵 詞: 精神病人人權醫療人權自由平等歧視尊嚴強制醫療聽證優惠待遇身心障礙
中文摘要: 精神病人的強制醫療、身心障礙鑑定,不論採取聽證或訴訟程序,雖繁瑣而有緩不濟急的質疑,但對制衡所有權力者的恣意與濫權,有其必要。畢竟,決定是否有精神疾病與身心障礙,與其後的勝任工作、有無福利待遇、是否應強制醫療與住院,完全是兩回事。在定義精神疾病與精神障礙影響後續個人權益如此重要的界說行為,當法律概念無法竟其功,賦予專科醫師又可能過於專擅恣意時,以聽證程序或法院裁判等正當法律程序可彌補實體法的缺憾。其次,建立一個平等尊重的社會,雖非完美但具體而實際可行的措施,仍在建立適當精神醫療照養體制,兼顧政府財政與個人能力負擔,以病人最佳利益判斷是否能夠給予合理的特別待遇,或許可以緩解不當歧視排斥並帶給精神病人及其家屬身心平和的生活環境。
英文關鍵詞: Mental Disorder PatientsHuman RightsMedical RightsFreedom, EqualityDiscriminationDignityCompulsory Medical TreatmentHearingsPreferential TreatmentPhysical and Mental Disabilities
英文摘要: The compulsory medical treatment of mental disorder patients and the proof of certification of mental disorders, regardless of whether the hearing or litigation procedures are adopted, are cumbersome and questionable, but it is necessary to check and balance the arbitrary and abuse of power by all those authorities in power. After all, deciding whether there is a mental illness or disability, and whether it is competent to work, whether to have welfare benefits, whether it should be compulsory medical treatment and hospitalization are completely different things. In the important definition of mental illness and mental disorder that affect the subsequent personal rights and interests, when the legal concept is unable to fulfill its functions, and the specialists may be arbitrary to make decision, due process such as hearing procedures or litigating process can compensate the default of the substantive law. Second, to establish an equal and respectful society with concrete and practical measures, although not perfect, is still establishing an appropriate mental health care system, taking into account the government’s financial and personal capacity, and judging whether the patient can give reasonable special care in the best interests of the patient, may alleviate improper discrimination and exclusion and bring a peaceful living environment for mental patients and their families.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、精神障礙、疾病及其處遇
參、精神病人的強制醫療
肆、精神病人的優惠待遇
伍、結論
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