法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 大學系所調整的憲法框架(The Constitutional Framework Adjusted by the University Faculties)
編著譯者: 張志偉
出版日期: 2020.04
刊登出處: 台灣/國立中正大學法學集刊第 67 期 /1-32 頁
頁  數: 32 點閱次數: 441
下載點數: 128 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 張志偉
關 鍵 詞: 少子女化系所調整大學自治學術自由
中文摘要: 近年來,面臨到生源不足的困境,無論是公、私立大專校院均興起一波校際合併、以及系所調整或整併的呼聲,藉由組織調整以回應少子女化的挑戰。本文之作主要即在指明大學校內院系調整或整併,其間所涉及的法制基礎、憲法基本權利以及教育主管機關的介入空間。由於此類措施仍屬對於學術自由具重要性的決定,特別是涉及大學內部個別成員與大學之間的基本權衝突,教育主管機關必須謹慎地調查、評價進而衡量相關的法益,始得決定是否行使監督權限。大學章程亦應明定系所調整提案及審議之組織與程序規定。
英文關鍵詞: Low Birth RateFaculty AdjustmentUniversity AutonomyAcademic Freedom
英文摘要: In the past few years, faced with difficulties caused by the low birth rate, public and private universities have been considering to merge with other universities in order to make faculty adjustments as well as combine with two or more faculties within the universities. It seems that these universities aim to use re-organization as a means to respond to the challenges posed by the low birth rate. This article focuses on the legal basis of the faculty adjustments or merges based on the constitutional rights involved, and the extent to which the education authorities may intervene in such adjustments. Since such measures are important decisions related to the academic freedom which in particular involves the conflicts of constitutional rights between individual members within the universities and the universities, education officials must carefully investigate, review, and evaluate relevant legal rights and interests before deciding whether or not to exercise their supervisory authority. It is suggested that the university charter should also specify the organizational and procedural requirements in terms of proposing and reviewing the faculty adjustments.
目  次: 壹、問題意識與思考脈絡
貳、大學系所調整的規範基礎
一、大學內部學術單位的規範基礎
二、增設、調整大學院系所的規範基礎
(一)大學法及其施行細則
(二)大學系所調整之法規命令基礎
參、學術自由與大學自治對於大學組織的憲法要求
一、學術自由與大學自治的憲法基礎
(一)公、私立大學體系概述
(二)學術自由與私人興學自由作為私立大學之憲法保障
二、大學本身及其內部之基本權利主體
肆、教育主管機關對於大學系所調整的規制措施及其界限
一、大學內部組織調整的必要性
二、學術自由對於大學組織調整的指引
伍、結論
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