法學期刊
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論著名稱: 釋字第 709 號解釋影響下的都更條例修法-以更新地區劃定與都更事業概要核准階段為觀察重點(The Amendment to the Urban Renewal Act Influenced by Interpretation No. 709 of the Constitutional Court-An Obserbation on the Demarcation of Renewal Area and the Approval of Urban Renewal Business Summaries)
編著譯者: 張志偉
出版日期: 2019.09
刊登出處: 台灣/財產法暨經濟法第 57 期 /77-114 頁
頁  數: 25 點閱次數: 470
下載點數: 100 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 張志偉
關 鍵 詞: 都市更新正當行政程序判斷餘地
中文摘要: 就都市更新事件的司法審查,行政法院基本上是沿著兩條軸線強化對於主管機關都更決定的司法控制:正當行政程序與判斷瑕疵之實質審查。前者主要涉及大法官釋字 709 號解釋所揭示,憲法上透過財產權所要求的組織與程序保障,具體落實於新法之中。後者則是體現於實體法上,帶有「判斷餘地」性質的都更計畫決定,司法審查原則上予以尊重,例外於判斷瑕疵時亦得審查的功能分配問題。本文旨在介紹 2019 年甫通過的都市更新條例,主要著重在都市更新計畫核准前的新法內容,並簡評都更計畫行政決定之司法審查。整體而言,行政法院應該發展出針對計畫或都更法制的審查模式,以修正過度傾向於總論式的所謂八大例外審查事項,如此方能凸顯出都更法制的特殊性。
英文關鍵詞: Urban RenewalDue ProcessAdministrative Discretion
英文摘要: There are two basic approaches that the administrative courts would take to conduct the judicial review more strictly when reviewing any urban renewal decisions made by the administrative agencies: to review substantively on whether the decisions are compliant with the due process in administrative procedures and on whether there are any administrative errors when making the decisions. The former review is related to the constitutional requirements on the protection of property rights in the aspect of organizational and procedural requirements. The later review shows how administrative agencies and the courts exercise their power based on their function, namely that in general, the court would respect any administrative decisions on the urban renewal plans because such decisions are the exercise of the administrative discretion. Only when there’re errors in the decisions, the courts would substantively review the decisions. This article is to introduce the Urban Renewal Act recently amended in 2019. It focuses on the newly amended sections that address legal requirements before the approval of the urban renewal plans. It also briefly analyzes the judicial review on the administrative decisions related to urban renewal. In summary, the administrative courts should develop a model on how to review urban renewal plans or any issues related to urban renewal laws to cope with the special aspects of urban renewal laws so that the courts would not simply review such issues by using the so-called eight exceptions.
目  次: 壹、問題提出與論述步驟
貳、釋字第 709 號解釋的影響與都更條例新法
一、都市更新之性質
二、都市更新之階段與行政程序
參、更新計畫核准前爭議與行政法院之審查
一、更新地區與更新單元劃定之法律性質與救濟
二、都更事業概要核准之法律性質與救濟
三、都更計畫與司法審查
肆、結論
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