法學期刊
論著名稱: 從世界潮流到世代正義-下修投票年齡與青少年政治參與(From World Trends to Generational Justice: Lowering the Voting Age and Youth Political Participation in Taiwan)
編著譯者: 劉晏齊
出版日期: 2021.06
刊登出處: 台灣/政大法學評論第 165 期 /227-310 頁
頁  數: 64 點閱次數: 230
下載點數: 256 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 劉晏齊
關 鍵 詞: 憲法第130條修憲最低投票年齡投票權選舉青少年兒少政治參與政治成熟度法律史
中文摘要: 臺灣自一九九○年代以來歷經數次憲法修正,共識最高的降低投票年齡卻仍為憲改未竟之業。下修最低投票年齡,意謂給予青少年更多政治參與權利,以解決此群體在國會代表性不足,以及制度性資源分布不均的問題。本文採取法律史的研究方法,檢視自一九九○年代以來調降最低投票年齡之倡議的歷程,包括國會與公民團體之論述,以及修改憲法第130條與公民投票法第7條之行動。本文也分析支持調降年齡門檻之論據,如何從符合世界潮流、權利義務對等,到追求世代正義,等同於見證這三十年來臺灣的民主化以及社會變遷。而回顧降低投票年齡之倡議史,可促使我們進一步思考年齡門檻與各項選舉和公共事務決策之間的關係,以及未來應如何讓青少年有更多公共參與之機會。
英文關鍵詞: Article 130 of the ConstitutionConstitutional AmendmentMinimum Voting AgeVoting RightsElectionYouthChildren and JuvenilesPolitical ParticipationPolitical MaturityLegal History
英文摘要: Several constitutional amendments were ratified by the congress in Taiwan since the 1990s. The proposal of lowering the voting age, however, has remained an unfinished business over the past 25 years. Lowering the minimum voting age means giving the youth more rights to political participation to address its underrepresentation in the congress and unequal allocation of resources. This paper examines the legal history of advocacy for lowering the voting age in Taiwan, discourses of political parties and civic organizations, as well as actions for amending Article 130 of the Constitution and Article 7 of the Referendum Act. This paper also analyzes how these discourses have changed from "following the world trends,'' "meeting equal rights and responsibilities'' to pursuing "generational justice.'' This paper concludes that an investigation into the legal history of lowering the voting age helps us to rethink the meaning of the minimum age threshold and its relationship with democracy and policy-making,and to seek future legal opportunities for the public participation of the youth.
目  次: 壹、序言
貳、從參政權之爭取到對參政年齡限制的不滿
參、從世界潮流到世代正義:下修投票年齡之倡議
一、國會內的提倡:一九九六年至二○○四年
二、太陽花運動之後:二○一四年至二○一七年
三、聲請釋憲的嘗試
肆、從「對人」到「對事」:公民投票法的突破
伍、下修投票年齡的未來課題
一、擴大青少年政治參與等同於降低投票年齡?
二、18 歲投票權符合世界潮流?
三、重新思考青少年的政治成熟度
陸、結論
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