法學期刊
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論著名稱:
降低護理人員上下班機車事故發生率之方案(Program to Reduce the Number of Motorcycle Accidents During Nursing Staff Commutes : An Empirical Study)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 沈駿緯鄭碧芬簡臆舫王姮樺陳繪竹
出版日期: 2021.07
刊登出處: 台灣/醫療品質雜誌第 15 卷 第 4 期/46-51 頁
頁  數: 6 點閱次數: 304
下載點數: 24 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 財團法人醫院評鑑暨醫療品質策進會 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 護理人員機車事故防禦性駕駛
中文摘要: 目的:依據中華民國交通部和內政部警政署 2018 年的統計資料顯示,國人機車擁有率達 92.6%,是肇事車種第一名,本院護理人員連 2 年(2015~2016 年)上下班機車事故達 0.75 件/月,希望能透過專案改善。
材料與方法:採問卷調查及訪談,原因為機車風險感知不足、防禦性駕駛觀念不足、颱風天上下班、醫院周遭路口無交通號誌標示、機車胎壓及胎紋不足;介入五構面 14 項措施,如:防禦性駕駛一條龍教育訓練、鮭魚洄游-機車交通事故人員回訓、SMITH 防禦性駕駛闖關、颱風天員工機車通勤。
結果:護理人員上下班機車事故降為 0.29 件/月,失能傷害頻率降至 1.10(5×106/4368000),達成率為 149.2%;失能傷害嚴重率降至 18.80(82×106/4368000),達成率為 126.0%。
結論:強化護理人員防禦性駕駛觀念可有效降低機車事故發生率。
英文關鍵詞: Nursing StaffMotorcycle AccidentDefensive Driving
英文摘要: Purpose: According to 2018 statistics from the Ministry of Transportation and Communication of the Republic of China and the National Police Agency, Ministry of the Interior, scooter ownership in Taiwan has reached 92.6%. Scooters accidents are the most common type of accident. The average occurrence rate of accidents during the commute of the nursing staff of the hospital in this study was 0.75 cases per month for 2 consecutive years (2015–2016).
Materials and Methods: We collected data through a questionnaire and interviews. The following causes of accidents were identified: insufficient awareness of the risks associated with scooters, unfamiliarity with the concept of defensive driving, commuting during typhoons, absence of traffic signs or signals at intersections in the vicinity of the hospital, and insufficient tire pressure and tread. Fourteen intervention measures in five dimensions were adopted, namely one-stop training for defensive driving, refresher training for personnel involved in scooter accidents, Smith defensive driving challenges, safety improvements for commuters driving scooters during typhoons, scooter health checks, and regular inspections of scooters that have been involved in accidents at repair service centers.
Result: As a result of this project, the average occurrence of accidents decreased to 0.29 cases per month. The disabling injury frequency rate and the disabling injury severity rate decreased to 1.10 (5×106/4368000) and 18.80 (82×106/4368000), respectively, which represent success rates of 149.2% and 126.0%, respectively.
Conclusion: Increasing nursing staff knowledge of defensive driving significantly decreased the number of scooters accidents.
目  次: 前言
材料與方法
一、護理人員上下班發生機車事故之事件分析
二、實施方法、對象及時間
三、改善策略
結果
結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
沈駿緯、鄭碧芬、簡臆舫、王姮樺、陳繪竹,降低護理人員上下班機車事故發生率之方案,醫療品質雜誌,第 15 卷 第 4 期,46-51 頁,2021年07月。
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