法學期刊
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論著名稱:
黨職併公職:立法回顧與追討爭議(A Brief Review of the Legislative History and the Recent Cases of the Act on the Settlement of the Combination of Years of Service in Public Sector and Political Organizations)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 羅承宗張雁翔
出版日期: 2021.12
刊登出處: 台灣/黨產研究第 7 期/5-31 頁
頁  數: 27 點閱次數: 539
下載點數: 108 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 不當黨產處理委員會 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 黨職併公職退離給與消滅時效訓示規定公法上不當得利請求權
中文摘要: 關於中國國民黨於黨國威權統治時期,退休官員以黨職併公職年資採計並領取優惠存款,亦即俗稱「黨職併公職」問題。2017 年 5 月 10 日公職人員年資併社團專職人員年資計發退離給與處理條例公布施行,相關行政機關依據此條例陸續展開溢領退休金的追討作業。同時,不服行政決定之相對人展開行政救濟,從而衍生不少行政法院判決。然而,本條例之實際運作卻與立法目的有所衝突,進而造成主管機關在追討退離給與時的訴訟上爭議。本文嘗試從宏觀角度對立法脈絡、相關機關行政作為與行政法院見解進行剖析,並提出本文看法。
英文關鍵詞: Combination of Years of Service in Public Sector and Political OrganizationsSeparation PaymentExtinctive PrescriptionInstructive Regulationsthe Claim for Unjust Enrichment in Public Law
英文摘要: The Act on the Settlement of the Combination of Years of Service in Public Sector and Political Organizations has been enacted and implemented on May 10th, 2017. This Act addresses the so-called “Combination of Years of Service in Public Sector and Political Organizations” issue, which was caused by the preferential retirement treatments for the retired public servants who served as the KMT officials at the same time during the authoritarian period under martial law. Based on the Act, the relevant administrative agencies have processed to recover the excess amount of pensions falsely acquired by the said retired public servants; meanwhile, several of the requested parties filed the suits against the reclamations. Therefore, the Administrative Court have made numerous judicial decisions about the Act in recent years. However, by reviewing the said judicial decisions, this article finds that the implementation of the Act is contradictory to its legislative purpose. This contradiction even caused the plight for the competent authority to reclaim the excessive pension payouts by litigation. This article will propose some suggestions to ease the contradiction by examining and analyzing the legislative history of the Act on the Settlement of the Combination of Years of Service in Public Sector and Political Organizations, the administrative conduct based on the Act, and the relevant judicial decisions.
目  次: 壹、問題背景
貳、黨職併公職之制度沿革、清查結果與法律處理機制
  一、黨職併公職之制度沿革
  二、2005 年黨職年資併計公職退休年資第一階段調查報告
  三、2007 年清查軍公教政務人員黨職併公職執行情形
  四、法律處理機制-2017 年社團年資處理條例公布施行
參、追討所遭遇的爭議-以臺北高等行政法院判決 108 年度年簡上字第 3 號為例
  一、前言
  二、社團年資處理條例第五條之立法討論
  三、臺北高等行政法院 108 年度簡上字第 3 號判決之背景
  四、上訴人之主張
  五、被上訴人主張
  六、法院見解
  七、再審法院見解
  八、學說見解
  九、小結
肆、最高行政法院大法庭統一法律見解-110 年度大字第 1 號裁定
  一、裁定背景
  二、大法庭見解
  三、小結
伍、本文意見
陸、結語
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
羅承宗、張雁翔,黨職併公職:立法回顧與追討爭議,黨產研究,第 7 期,5-31 頁,2021年12月。
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