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論著名稱:
關於「公立中小學『教育人員』學術研究加給表」之評析-以「中小學校長」為中心(Comments on “the Academic Research Allowances Scale for Public Elementary and High School Educators” in Taiwan—Focus on Elementary and Secondary School Principals)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 汪耀文
出版日期: 2022.05
刊登出處: 台灣/學校行政第 139 期/186-207 頁
頁  數: 22 點閱次數: 322
下載點數: 88 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 社團法人中華民國學校行政研究學會 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 學術研究加給中小學校長屬職薪屬人薪授權明確性原則
中文摘要: 本文主要採用文件分析法,彙整與中小學教師「學術研究加給」有關的規定,從薪酬管理薪資給付類型、法律明確性與授權明確性原則等觀點,探討行政院核定「公立中小學教育人員學術研究加給表」關於「中小學校長專屬學術研究加給」一制之適法性。權且不論地域給與、非經常薪資,教師待遇項目主要有三:「本薪(年功薪)」、「學術研究加給」與「職務加給」。前二項薪給,隸屬「屬人薪」,攸關教師自身的學(經)歷、教育專業知能;至於末者卻為「屬職薪」,居其位;司其職;履其事,即能支領該項給與。《教師待遇條例》既已明定校長待遇準用教師,大專院校校長、具教師資格的幼兒園園長之學術研究加給,皆已準用相應階段教師,何獨中、小學校長未能準用?昔教育部未諳「準用」、「適用」之別,或基於過往慣例,擬訂教育人員學術研究加給表,落致今日不僅逾越法律授權,且紊亂教育人員待遇制度整體法秩序之窘境,實是未洽。最後,根據研究結果,提出本文關於中小學教育人員學術研究加給規定之若干建議。
英文關鍵詞: the Academic Research Allowances ScalePublic Elementary and High School PrincipalsPaying for Position/Job-Based PayPaying for Person/Person-Based PayPrinciple of Explicit Authorization
英文摘要: This study tried to use “Document Analysis” and aggregate the regulations concerning public elementary and high school educators’ academic research allowances, discussed the appropriateness of “the Academic Research Allowances Scale for Public Elementary and High School Educators” in Taiwan, approved by Executive Yuan, from the viewpoints of types of payment, compensation management, principle of legal certainty and principle of explicit authorization. Disregarding regional allowance and non-recurring salary for now, the remuneration of teachers was divided into basic salary (plus any seniority salary), the academic research allowances, and occupational allowances. The first two items belonged to “Paying for Person/ Person-Based Pay”, which were related to teachers' own learning (experience) and educational expertise. The latter item belonged to “Paying for Position/ Job-Based Pay”. This salary could be received by all persons who holded positions, performed duties, and completed affairs. Since the Teacher Remuneration Act had clearly stipulated, the provisions applicable to public school teachers should apply mutatis mutandis to public school principals, the academic research allowances for public elementary and high school teachers and preschool teachers would apply mutatis mutandis to elementary and high school principals and preschool principals with teacher qualifications. Why only elementary and high school teachers' allowance wasn’t applicable mutatis mutandis to elementary and high school principals? In the past, the Ministry of Education drafted “the Academic Research Allowances Scale for Public Elementary and High School Educators” without the clear distinc tion between “apply mutatis mutandis” and “application”, based on past practice. This design not only went beyond the language of the Teacher Remuneration Act, but also undermined the concordance of legal order about the system of treatment of educators. Finally, based on the findings, this study made some recommendations for the academic research allowance system about educators in public elementary and high schools.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、學術研究加給的涵義、定性及其支給對象
  一、學術研究加給的涵義
  二、學術研究加給的定性
  三、學術研究加給的給付對象
參、法律之「授權」與「準用」
  一、授權明確性原則
  二、準用
肆、中小學校「校長」與「教師」學術研究加給殊異支給規範所衍生的困擾
  一、以「屬職薪」的規定,處理係屬「屬人薪」學術研究加給的支給事宜,恐破壞教育人員待遇制度整體法秩序
  二、中小學校長卸任後「回任教師」恐面臨變相減薪,凸顯今昔中小學校長學術研究加給(費)支給作業的不合理
  三、同是綜理校(園)務的校(園)長,相同的學術研究加給(費)之支給事宜,不同的處理方式,允違平等原則
伍、結語與建議
  一、結語
  二、建議
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相關論著:
汪耀文,關於「公立中小學『教育人員』學術研究加給表」之評析-以「中小學校長」為中心,學校行政,第 139 期,186-207 頁,2022年05月。
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