法學期刊
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論著名稱:
黑暗將至?論網路偵查因應加密科技之立法新架構(Going Dark? A New Legislative Framework for Cybercrime Investigations in Response to Encryption Technology)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 朱富美
出版日期: 2022.04
刊登出處: 台灣/法學叢刊第 67 卷 第 2 期/41-74 頁
頁  數: 34 點閱次數: 738
下載點數: 136 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 法學叢刊雜誌社
關 鍵 詞: 加密數位證據跨境數位加密網路偵查木馬澳洲服務提供商
中文摘要: 2014 年,美國前聯邦調查局局長 James B.Comey 以「黑暗將至」(Going Dark)為題,公開表示因為法律未能跟上科技的步伐,偵查受阻,已造成科技、隱私與公共安全三者衝突之嚴重問題!為避免偵查「變黑」,各國紛紛進行如何克服加密之立法或修法研議,及展開是否制訂有侵害隱私權疑慮之政府遠端搜索、政府木馬等偵查方式之辯論。
本文以上述問題為核心,探討網路偵查之立法政策,除介紹網路刑事偵查之類型與用語,及植入惡意程式線上偵查之方式外,並分析普通法系之澳洲,及大陸法系之荷蘭與法國對此一問題之立法特點。
此外,亦指出加密偵查與傳統偵查不同之處,除具備跨國性,並需要中介(Intermediaries)之通訊或網路服務提供商等私人大公司協助,故應有特殊之立法考量,期提供擬議中之科技偵查法參考。
英文關鍵詞: Going DarkEncryptionEncro ChatAustraliaAssistance and Access Bill 2018Digital SurveillanceCybercrime InvestigationAccess to Encrypted CommunicationsInternet and Jurisdiction
英文摘要: In 2014, former Director of the FBI James B. Comey delivered a speech on the theme of “Going Dark”, stating that the law has failed to keep pace with technology, which has caused a significant collision between technology, privacy and public safety. In order to avoid criminal investigation “going dark”, many countries have discussed the encryption legislation or regulatory fix, and have debated issues over the potential damage of individual privacy resulted from government access to encrypted information by remote computer search and Trojan horse program.
In addition to introducing the types and terminology of cybercrime investigations and online investigative approaches including malware programs, this paper will discuss the cyber investigation law and policy, and analyze the legislation in the Netherlands and France (civil law system) and in Australia (common law system).
This discussion also identifies the differences between the investigation of encrypted devices and the traditional investigation instruments. With its transnational nature, the investigation of encrypted data needs the assistance from the intermediaries that are large private companies in managed communication or network services. Hence, special consideration for encryption legislation is needed. This paper then provides the analysis as a reference for drafting the Science and Technology Investigation legislation.
目  次: 壹、問題之提出-黑暗將至?
貳、網路刑事偵查
參、因應數位加密之立法例
肆、加密偵查之特殊立法考量
伍、結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
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相關論著:
朱富美,黑暗將至?論網路偵查因應加密科技之立法新架構,法學叢刊,第 67 卷 第 2 期,41-74 頁,2022年04月。
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