法學期刊
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論著名稱:
正當法律程序原則與檢警關係之研究(A Study on the Relationship of Prosecutor vs. Police by "Due Process of Law")
文獻引用
編著譯者: 余振華康順興
出版日期: 1999.09
刊登出處: 台灣/理論與政策第 13 卷 第 3 期/225-243 頁
頁  數: 18 點閱次數: 422
下載點數: 72 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 康順興
關 鍵 詞: 正當法律程序原則檢警關係當事人對等強制處分「毒樹毒果」舉證責任精密司法制度性保障雙偵查權主體特搜部微罪處分再議聲請警察機關法律原則法定程序
中文摘要: 日本檢警關係受正當法律程序理念影響,逐漸逸出「官權本位」爭執,採雙偵查權主體法制,以警察為偵查活動中心、檢察官則重視公訴並參與實施,各自踐行正當法律程序。雖其偵查法制尚存未兼顧人權保障之糾問方式,乃國民性使然;然而,就檢警關係合理定位則是實踐正當法律程序發端,終將促成現狀之改革。
我國近來刑事訴訟制度之理論與意識型態之對立緩和,強調刑事程序應於正當程序範圍內進行;亦在大法官闡述程序正義憲法精神下,逐漸朝更符人權保障之步驟發展。政策上若得重新釐清檢警間之互動關係,相信攸關人身自由之偵查程序終將符合正義之要求。
英文關鍵詞: due process of lawrelationship of prosecutor vs. policefair adversarymandatory enforcementpresumption of innocencefruits of the poisonous treeburden of proofelaborate justicesystemetic guaranteedouble investigation bodyspecial prosecutor investigationdepartmentpenality of minor crimeappeal of dischargepolice departmentlegal principlelegal procedure
英文摘要: The relationship between the police and the prosecutors in Japan has been shifted from hierarchy theory to" Due Process of Law ". The police devote themselves mainly to crime investigation and the prosecutors primarily carry out the duty of prosecution.
Although there are some problems upon Japanese practice of criminal procedure that ignores human rights protection. Yet the thesis concerning a reasonable pro - police rela-tionship would figure out the very beginning of the promotion in criminal justice system. In our country, we also put emphasis on the legal procedure on the part of the human rights protection under the Constitutional principle.
In order to reset policy of the structure and the relationship between the police and the prosecutors in the criminal justice system, there must be more effective means to establish the rule of law. And we should also follow the procedure according to the truth and the fairness of justice.
目  次: 壹、大法官解釋闡述法律程序正義之省思
一、刑事訴訟之憲法觀
二、警察偵查之正當化
貳、正當法律程序原則指導法制規劃方向
一、法律原則之指導修正功能
二、權限歸屬具體正當化考量
參、我國改採雙偵查權主體法制預期實益
一、確定檢警正當程序職責分工
二、積極配合司法改革健全法治
肆、結語
相關法條:
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相關論著:
余振華、康順興,正當法律程序原則與檢警關係之研究,理論與政策,第 13 卷 第 3 期,225-243 頁,1999年09月。
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