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論著名稱:
如何以專法推動氫能-以韓國氫經濟促進及氫安全管理法為例(Promoting Hydrogen Energy with a Specific Act: A Case Study of the Act on the Promotion of Hydrogen Economy and the Safety Control of Hydrogen of South Korea)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 陳冠瑋
出版日期: 2022.01.15
刊登出處: 台灣/科技法律透析第 34 卷 第 1 期/53-72 頁
頁  數: 19 點閱次數: 617
下載點數: 76 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 陳冠瑋
關 鍵 詞: 氫能氫經濟韓國氫經濟促進及氫安全管理法2019年韓國國家氫能路線圖潔淨能源
中文摘要: 氫能作為具有發展潛力之潔淨能源,許多國家及國際組織已開始逐步建構氫能推動之策略,法制上如何支持氫能發展,更是當前國際能源法上重要之討論話題。其中,韓國長期佈局氫能發展,至 2021 年施行了氫能專法:《氫經濟促進及氫安全管理法》(下稱氫能法)。作為全世界首創以專法作為推廣氫經濟及安全管理之政策工具,韓國氫能法對有意發展氫能之國家有深入探究之價值。
為提供氫能法之立法背景,本文簡要回顧韓國推動氫能之各項政策工具,簡介其如何有體系地發展氫能,並強調 2019 年國家氫能路線圖之提出,及其於組織及作用上之制度規劃。本文討論了氫能法的架構與內容後,認為氫能法具備具拘束力之治理工具、經濟與安全並重、重視組織法、高度授權促進措施、注重多樣的手段、基礎建設與國際互動等特徵,亦面臨許多挑戰與質疑,如經濟發展重於減碳目標、廣泛授權等問題,並需繼續觀察法規增補及接軌國際標準之情形。而本文也進一步指出以專法推動氫能或其他潔淨能源時,宜建立清楚權責、盡可能明確、除推廣外應重視安全管理措施、並應注意與其他法律及氣候目標之關係。
環顧我國對再生能源發展之制度規劃,在法制層面的進展時有待加強。在各國開展氫能法制發展之際,具法律拘束力的韓國氫能法可能產生指標性的引領作用,專法作為一種推動潔淨能源之政策工具選項,誠值我國持續關注。
英文關鍵詞: Hydrogen EnergyHydrogen Economyhe Act on the Promotion of Hydrogen Economy and the Safety Control of Hydrogen2019 Hydrogen Economy Roadmap of KoreaClean Energy
英文摘要: Hydrogen energy is a type of clean energy with potential for development, and many countries and international organizations have begun to develop their hydrogen energy promotion strategies. There're some discussions in the current international energy law over the way to support the development of hydrogen energy within the legal system. In this trend, in South Korea, where the hydrogen energy hasbeen developing for a long time, a specific hydrogen energy law called the Act on the Promotion of Hydrogen Economy and the Safety Control of Hydrogen (hereinafter "the Act") has been enforced. The Act is the world's first professional law as a policy tool to promote the hydrogen economy and safety management, and is worth a thorough investigation for countries intending to develop hydrogen energy.
To provide the legal background of the Act, this article briefly reviews various policy tools for promoting hydrogen energy in South Korea, introduces how the government systematically developed hydrogen energy, especially emphasizing the proposal of the 2019 Hydrogen Economy Roadmap. After introducing the structure and content of the Hydrogen Energy Act, this article describes its characteristics as a binding means of governance, emphasizing both economics and security, and emphasizing organizational law. Furthermore, it highly authorizes administrative measures of promotion, and focuses on basic infrastructures and international interactions. However, the Act faces many challenges and doubts such as broad authorizations, and it weighs the economic developments more important than carbon reduction targets, as. The Act is also facing the situation of missing additional regulations and compliance with international standards, which one needs to keep an eye on. This study argues that from the experience of the Act, when using specific regulations to promote clean energy such as hydrogen, it is essential to clarify the accountability, to be clear as much as possible, and to pay attention to safety management measures and the relationships with other laws and the climate targets.
Looking back at the institutions for clean energy development in Taiwan, the density of the regulations is still low. If we do plan to develop legal frameworks of hydrogen or any other clean energy, the legally binding Hydrogen Energy Act of South Korea may be a reference in value.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、韓國氫能推動之政策工具發展
一、韓國氫能發展策略簡史
二、2019 氫經濟路線圖
參、氫經濟促進及氫安全管理法之主要內容
一、法律架構
二、經濟促進之規範
三、安全管理之規範
肆、氫能法之評析
一、優勢與特色
二、問題與挑戰
三、小結:專法之要素
伍、結語
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
陳冠瑋,如何以專法推動氫能-以韓國氫經濟促進及氫安全管理法為例,科技法律透析,第 34 卷 第 1 期,53-72 頁,2022年01月15日。
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