法學期刊
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論著名稱:
與新冠肺炎共存下的兒童及青少年疫苗觀點(The Viewpoint of Pediatric Vaccination During the COVID-19 Pandemic)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 許玉龍
出版日期: 2022.07
刊登出處: 台灣/醫療品質雜誌第 16 卷 第 4 期/72-77 頁
頁  數: 6 點閱次數: 242
下載點數: 24 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 財團法人醫院評鑑暨醫療品質策進會 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 兒童青少年新冠肺炎訊息核糖核酸疫苗疫苗接種
中文摘要: 相對成人而言,兒童及青少年感染新冠肺炎(COVID-19)的症狀雖然比較輕微,感染後仍有可能出現重症如兒童多系統發炎症候群,或產生長期的併發症如急性感染後徵候群。兒童及青少年接種 COVID-19 疫苗可預防其住院或得到重症及併發症、減少 COVID-19 病毒變異與傳播及儘快回復正常生活。多數研究及持續的安全監測證實訊息核糖核酸疫苗(mRNA 疫苗)對兒童及青少年具安全性,接種後產生心肌炎/心包膜炎的嚴重副作用極罕見,且大多數病人經醫療照護後皆痊癒。先前因有對抗 COVID-19 的高強度防疫措施及疫苗,大大減少了其他傳染病的案例,然而這也導致免疫負債的產生,可能會導致被壓抑的傳染病反撲。在與 COVID-19 共存的時代,防疫措施將大幅度的解除,若進入秋冬季節,流感病毒勢必開始活躍,有可能與新冠病毒造成雙重流行。因此,除鼓勵兒童及青少年維持良好衛生習慣,接種常規疫苗(包含 COVID-19 疫苗及流感疫苗)是減少免疫負債及雙重流行衝擊最佳的方法。
英文關鍵詞: childrenadolescentsCOVID-19mRNA vaccinevaccination
英文摘要: Although the severity of COVID-19 infection is lower in children and adolescents than in adults, children and adolescents are encouraged to receive vaccination to prevent hospitalization and complications, such as multisystemic inflammatory syndrome and post-COVID conditions, reduce the spread of COVID-19, prevent the emergence of other variants, and restore a normal life. COVID-19 mRNA vaccines are suggested to be safe for children and teenagers. Severe events, such as myocarditis and pericarditis, after pediatric COVID-19 mRNA vaccination are rare. Most patients fully recover after management. Strict public health nonpharmaceutical interventions and vaccination program disturbances may cause an immunity debt in children. Therefore, vaccine-preventable diseases may reemerge after the lifting of COVID-19 mitigation measures. Twindemic may occur in the next influenza season due to the coexistence of influenza and SARS-CoV-2 viruses. In addition to maintaining good hygiene, emphasizing and encouraging pediatric routine immunization, including COVID-19 and influenza vaccination, are the most favorable methods for overcoming immunity debt and preventing twindemic.
目  次: 傳染病構成要素
兒童疫苗觀點
免疫負債
完美風暴
兒童及青少年接種 COVID-19 疫苗的益處
兒童及青少年接種 COVID-19 疫苗的安全性
兒童及青少年接種 COVID-19 疫苗的劑量及時程
一、輝瑞-BNT COVID-19 疫苗:
二、莫德納 COVID-19 疫苗:
雙重流行
結論
參考文獻
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相關論著:
許玉龍,與新冠肺炎共存下的兒童及青少年疫苗觀點,醫療品質雜誌,第 16 卷 第 4 期,72-77 頁,2022年07月。
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