法學期刊
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論著名稱:
Righting Wrongs: The Judicialisation and Justiciability of Health-Related Rights in the Americas(矯正錯誤:美洲區域中健康權利可訴訟性及司法化現象)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 李柏翰安仰深
出版日期: 2022.10
刊登出處: 台灣/台灣國際法學刊第 19 卷 第 1 期/199-239 頁
頁  數: 41 點閱次數: 212
下載點數: 164 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 社團法人台灣國際法學會 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 健康與人權美洲人權委員會美洲人權法院司法化可訴訟性健康權
中文摘要: 在美洲區域,健康權司法化的現象十分突出,病患或遭環境污染影響的社區居民利用司法機構尋求各國對健康權之尊重和保護,公民社會組織也經常利用訴訟機制尋求健康促進。針對衛生措施司法行動主義的文獻,記錄了法律承認之權利與國家實踐之間的差距。本文回顧美洲人權委員會、美洲人權法院及其他基於聯合國人權條約所建立之委員會等國際人權機構裁決之與健康相關的案件,分析健康議題在這些機制中所呈現之多元面貌。這些案件被「國際化」時係當其用盡當地救濟措施,而相關權利損害未被國家妥善回應。隨著衛生科學與介入措施之發展,權利主張國際化確實是追求可達到最高健康標準之有用途徑,但該策略也可能受到個案請願之範圍與效力等限制。
英文關鍵詞: health and human rightsInter-American Commission on Human RightsInter-American Court of Human Rightsjudicialisation; justiciabilitythe right to health
英文摘要: The judicialisation phenomenon is prominent in the Americas, where people who suffer from diseases and adverse health impacts of environmental pollution utilise judicial institutions seeking the states’ respect and protection of their right to health. Litigation has also been a mechanism for the local community and civil society organisations to promote the right to a healthy environment. Gaps between the rights recognised in law and realised in practice have been well documented in the growing body of literature on such judicial activism for health. Reviewing the health-related cases decided by regional and international human rights bodies such as the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Inter-American Court of Human Rights, and other UN human rights treaty-based committees, this paper presents the ways in which these institutions frame health(care) issues. These cases were internationalised when local remedies were exhausted while the states had not fully addressed the complaints. As health science and intervention develop, internationalising relevant rights claims has been proven to be a helpful approach to achieve the highest attainable standard of health, but the strategy may also be limited by the scope and effect of individual petitions on a case-by-case basis.
目  次: I. Introduction
II. Health and human rights in the American human rights instruments
III. Different framings of ‘health’ in human rights discourse in America
IV. The making of health-related rights and resonance between forums
 i. Protecting health via judicialising contentions
 ii. Developing collective rights-holders for health
 iii. Judicialising health concerns beyond the state
V. Conclusion: An intersection of social and judicial activisms for health
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相關論著:
李柏翰、安仰深,Righting Wrongs: The Judicialisation and Justiciability of Health-Related Rights in the Americas,台灣國際法學刊,第 19 卷 第 1 期,199-239 頁,2022年10月。
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