法學期刊
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論著名稱:
元宇宙與使用者人格侵害相關法律議題研究(Legal Issues of the Metaverse and Invasion of User’s Personality)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 王郁琦
出版日期: 2022.12
刊登出處: 台灣/世新法學第 16 卷 第 1 號/1-76 頁
頁  數: 76 點閱次數: 244
下載點數: 304 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 王郁琦
關 鍵 詞: 元宇宙名譽隱私霸凌性騷擾
中文摘要: 本研究目的在於探討元宇宙發展與使用者人格侵害關之法律問題,分析現行法律是否足以因應發展,並促進元宇宙成為一個更安全的環境。
元宇宙有以下特點:虛擬化身;沉浸式體驗;即時性、持久性和同步性;開放性;平臺之間的互通性,以及穩定的經濟體系。
元宇宙承繼了網路之匿名性,使原先存在的人格侵犯問題,如誹謗、侵犯隱私、網路霸凌、性騷擾等,在元宇宙中亦同樣存在,且變得更加嚴重與難以防範。
臺灣的法院判決認為,網路虛擬角色之名譽並未與其所有人之真實人格有聯結性。根據臺灣刑事和民事的相關判決,對於網路虛擬角色之誹謗行為不構成公然侮辱、誹謗或侵害名譽。本研究認為,或許元宇宙化身之所有人仍然可能有幾種其他方向的解決方案。此外,元宇宙原則上應被視為公共空間,因此在其中的活動原則上因缺乏合理隱私期待而不構成侵犯隱私。然而,在元宇宙的私人財產上所舉行的私人活動是否存在對隱私的合理期待可能更具爭議性。
鑒於元宇宙的沉浸式和持久性,其所發生的霸凌將比網路霸凌更具危險性和創傷性,受害者遭受性騷擾的感覺也會變得更加真實與強烈。除了對於該些問題之法律因應外,業者自律與科技措施亦成為網路霸凌和性騷擾的可行解決方案。
英文關鍵詞: MetaverseReputationPrivacyCyberbullyingSexual Harrassment
英文摘要: The purpose of this eaasy is to identify the legal issues related to the development of metaverse. More specifically, this essay will focus on the invasion of user integrity and personality in the metaverse environment.
The characteristics of the metaverse can be highlighted as follows: a virtual avatar; immersive experience; immediacy, persistence, and synchronization; openness; interoperability between platforms; and stable economic system.
While the metaverse inherits the anonymous nature of the Internet, similar problems of infringement of personality such as defamation, invasion of privacy, cyberbullying and sexual harassment exist in the metaverse, yet more serious and difficult to prevent.
Court decisions in Taiwan held that the reputation of a virtual character on the Internet cannot be linked to the real personality of its owner. Therefore, in many court decisions, defamation against the virtual character on the Internet does not constitute a public insult or libel according to the Taiwanese Criminal Law as well as the Civil Law. This research argues that there are other approaches which can be possible remedies to the avatar owner in the metaverse. Moreover, the metaverse should be considered as a public space, and therefore the ordinary activities in it generally do not constitute an invasion of privacy due to lack of privacy expectation. However, whether a reasonable expectation of privacy exists in an invited-only event held on a private property in the metaverse can be more controversial.
Given the immersive and persistent nature of the metaverse, cyberbullying can be more dangerous and more traumatic than on the Internet. Feelings of sexual harassment in the metaverse will also become more real and intense. In addition to legal responses to the problems, self-regulatory and technological measures can also be feasible solutions to cyberbullying and sexual harassment.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、元宇宙之意涵
 一、對於元宇宙的想像
 二、元宇宙之特點
  (一)擁有虛擬化身
  (二)沉浸式體驗
  (三)即時、持久及同步性
  (四)開放性
  (五)互操作性
  (六)穩定的經濟系統
參、元宇宙與「侵害名譽」相關議題
肆、元宇宙與「侵害隱私」相關議題
伍、元宇宙與「網路霸凌及性騷擾」相關議題
 一、網路霸凌
 二、性騷擾
 三、法律以外解決方式
陸、結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
王郁琦,元宇宙與使用者人格侵害相關法律議題研究,世新法學,第 16 卷 第 1 號,1-76 頁,2022年12月。
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