法學期刊
  • 社群分享
論著名稱:
國際障礙人權規範與標準:反對精神障礙歧視不等於反對精神醫療(International Standards for Disability Rights: Anti-Mental Disability Discrimination, Not Anti-Psychiatry)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 李柏翰
出版日期: 2023.05
刊登出處: 台灣/月旦醫事法報告第 79 期/21-35 頁
頁  數: 10 點閱次數: 289
下載點數: 40 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 李柏翰
關 鍵 詞: 人身自由及安全支持決策強制治療精神衛生法障礙者權利委員會
中文摘要: 身心障礙者權利公約強調障礙並非醫學問題,而是社會結構與法律制度阻礙了多元身心狀況的人平等社會參與的資格與機會。障礙者權利委員會針對許多國家的國家報告作出之結論性意見,經常提醒並建議各國政府盡速終止替代決策之實踐,以及消除未經本人知情同意、非自願之精神治療。委員會於2014、2015年通過第1號一般性意見及「關於第14條準則」,強調障礙者在法律之前獲得平等肯認的重要性,及其人身自由與安全與其他人權之間的連結。惟包括臺灣在內,迄今仍無國家完全遵守這些規定。在此脈絡中,本文先介紹國際障礙人權規範,接著討論國家實踐及其對相應規定之理解,最後試圖從「逐步實現健康權」的角度提出暫時但絕非完美的詮釋路徑,以求拋磚引玉。
英文關鍵詞: liberty and security of the personsubstitute decision-makingforced treatmentMental Health ActCommittee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
英文摘要: The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) emphasises that disabilities are not a medical problem but the barriers created by social structures and legal institutions that prevent people with diverse mental and physical conditions from opportunities to participate equally in society. The Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, through its concluding observations on the state reports of many countries, has frequently reminded and recommended that governments urgently end substitute decision-making practices and eliminate involuntary psychiatric treatment without informed consent. The Committee adopted its General Comment No. 1 in 2014 and the Guidelines on Article 14 of the CRPD in 2015, accentuating the significance of equal recognition before the law for persons with disabilities and the connection of personal liberty, security, and other human rights. However, all countries, including Taiwan, still have not fully complied with these norms. This article first introduces international disability rights law, inconsistent state practices, and their understanding of relevant rules. Finally, I propose a provisional - yet imperfect - interpretative approach from the perspective of 'progressively realising the right to health' to foreground a larger public and academic discussion.
目  次: 壹、序言
貳、國際法中身心障礙者的人身自由及安全
參、國家的條約保留與實踐及個人申訴案件
肆、「逐步實現」能突破「歧視」僵局嗎?
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
李柏翰,國際障礙人權規範與標準:反對精神障礙歧視不等於反對精神醫療,月旦醫事法報告,第 79 期,21-35 頁,2023年05月。
返回功能列