法學期刊
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論著名稱:
職場霸凌的法律定義及處理法制之潛在選項-臺灣法現況及美國法之啟發(Workplace Bullying Legal Definition and Potential Implementing Mechanisms: Inspiration from Taiwan’s Status Quo and the U.S. Law)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 傅柏翔
出版日期: 2023.06
刊登出處: 台灣/臺北大學法學論叢第 126 期/77-182 頁
頁  數: 105 點閱次數: 649
下載點數: 420 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 國立臺北大學法律學院 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 職場霸凌合理職場管理合理人際摩擦美國健康工作場所草案積極抗辯
中文摘要: 本文之核心研究議題,在討論職場霸凌爭議應如何提出有效且適當之法律解方。進而研究發現,並非所有發生在職場之不受歡迎行為,都應該、適合用職場霸凌來進行法律處置,而應區別非霸凌行為(合理)、霸凌行為(不合理)、違法霸凌行為(已違法),分別進行不同處理。
為進一步解析此議題,本文擬以三大核心提問,來回應職場霸凌應如何處理之問題。分別為1.何謂職場霸凌:職場霸凌之分類和定性;2.臺灣和他國目前怎麼處理職場霸凌:現況之經驗歸納;3.未來的職場霸凌應如何處理為佳:提出職場霸凌之可能模式。
經歸納分析,本文發現既有法制之保障容有落差,目前法院判決亦尚未呈現穩定之定義和認定趨勢,因此若要以法律來處理,仍建議透過專法提出更開放、彈性之霸凌要件和精確之法律定義,方能有效啟動法律保障、接軌既有法律救濟體系。在此目的上,本文提出建議之法律定義,同步參考文中相關雇主抗辯,一併參酌事件背景脈絡,來判斷該嫌疑行為出現之合理性,並尋求在勞工權益以及雇主管理權間之衡平界線。本文同時嘗試提出兩種可供運行之運作管理模式,作為後續討論之參考。
希望透過本文,能引發更多關於職場霸凌之討論,集思廣益以尋求臺灣職場霸凌之最適解決方案。
英文關鍵詞: Workplace BullyReasonable ManagementReasonable ConflictThe Healthy Workplace BillAffirmative Defense
英文摘要: The core thesis of this article is that not all unwelcome workplace conduct constitutes workplace bullying that deserves legal action. While “what happens in this house stays in the house” is a popular setting for workplace conflicts, the applicability of this idea may vary according to the types of unwelcome conduct involved.
To figure out how to legally and adequately handle workplace bullying issues, the author tends to reveal the solution by answering three crucial questions. First of all, what is the legal definition of workplace bullying? Second, what is the current law and policy in action on handling workplace bullying in Taiwan and other countries? Lastly, what is the tailored legal resolution to address workplace bullying in Taiwan?
The comprehensive analysis of these three questions suggests that the current laws in Taiwan cannot provide sufficient coverage for all kinds of bullying. Although the court has figured its way out through case law, it is still not a meaningful mechanism that could fit the employee and employer’s demands. This article thus argues that Taiwan needs a bill on workplace bullying with an open and flexible definition to include diversity of conduct. In the meantime, this bill should be equipped with proper employer affirmative defense to trigger their willingness to participate in preventing workplace bullying actively. Moreover, this paper also recommends two potential workplace bully handling mechanisms based on previous experience on related matters in the U.S. and Taiwan.
Hopefully, the result and discussion in this article can shed light on the workplace bullying handling issue and continuingly sparks attention and new inspiration on this matter.
目  次: 壹、緒論
貳、職場霸凌行為之法理定義、區別定位和挑戰
一、臺灣勞動法學界就職場霸凌之研究共識
二、嘗試界定「職場不受歡迎行為」、「合理職場管理互動行為」、「職場霸凌行為」、「職場外第三人不法侵害」之必要
(一)「職場不受歡迎行為」之多樣性以及「職場霸凌行為」之定性
三、區分合理職場管理、人際互動行為與職場霸凌行為之必要
(一)職場霸凌行為之光譜:論合理管理互動之界限
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相關論著:
傅柏翔,職場霸凌的法律定義及處理法制之潛在選項-臺灣法現況及美國法之啟發,臺北大學法學論叢,第 126 期,77-182 頁,2023年06月。
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